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Lecture #5-Inequality Structures – Institutionalism, Ideology, and Hegemony

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Paul Armstrong

Inequality Structures Institutionalism, Ideology, and Hegemony SLIDE 1 VIDEO - there are different structures and principles of equality -Later we will talk about how inequality is maintained in our modern society Raceethnicity Gender Class Etc SLIDE 2 -We will be talking about social control -How inequality is maintained in a modern context Before it was maintained through Christian ideology, gharma, kharma (overall religious ideology). Before it was also based on biological differences Skin color was also tied to inequality before. SLIDE 3 -Institutions are structures that regulate activities, and offer answers to the two questions. - Different institutional frameworks will answer and guide us as to how things are to be done. - Different institutional frameworks will answer and guide us to legitimize things. - Example, the nuclear family. Gender roles (homemaker mother, and breadwinner father) Being a son or daughter entails us to act a certain way with our parents as opposed to our friends, a police officer, sibling, etc Being a student, adult, parent, etc there are certain roles and we act a certain way in our roles -Institutions entail structure -You cant opt out of social institutions because they are all around us, they were here before we were born, and will be here after we die. -Overtime, institutions have a way of standardizing our behavior, because when we do things over and over again, they become normal. Institutions imply a level of stability SLIDE 4 -Things become standardized, habitual, normal, etc -History matters Yes history matters because everything happens in time at a certain time point (WWII happened in the 70s). History is constituted, meaning that things that happened before us impact our current state (forms of inequality) -Culture, politics, economics, policies etc are built around historical institutionalism which is why they seem normalstandardized today
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