Class Notes (973156)
CA (573199)
UTM (26033)
SOC (4392)
SOC263H5 (100)
Lecture

Lecture #5-Inequality Structures – Institutionalism, Ideology, and Hegemony

, Winter 2010
4 pages151 viewsWinter

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC263H5
Professor
Paul Armstrong

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Inequality Structures Institutionalism, Ideology, and Hegemony
SLIDE 1
VIDEO - there are different structures and principles of equality
-Later we will talk about how inequality is maintained in our modern society
!Race/ethnicity
!Gender
!Class
!Etc…
SLIDE 2
-We will be talking about social control
-How inequality is maintained in a modern context
!Before it was maintained through Christian ideology, gharma, kharma (overall religious
ideology).
!Before it was also based on biological differences
!Skin color was also tied to inequality before.
SLIDE 3
-Institutions are structures that regulate activities, and offer answers to the two questions.
- Different institutional frameworks will answer and guide us as to how things are to be done.
- Different institutional frameworks will answer and guide us to legitimize things.
- Example, the nuclear family.
!Gender roles (homemaker mother, and breadwinner father)
!Being a son or daughter entails us to act a certain way with our parents as opposed to our
friends, a police officer, sibling, etc…
!Being a student, adult, parent, etc there are certain roles and we act a certain way in our roles
-Institutions entail structure
-You cant opt out of social institutions because they are all around us, they were here before we
were born, and will be here after we die.
-Overtime, institutions have a way of standardizing our behavior, because when we do things
over and over again, they become normal.
!Institutions imply a level of stability
SLIDE 4
-Things become standardized, habitual, normal, etc…
-History matters
!Yes history matters because everything happens in time at a certain time point (WWII
happened in the 70’s).
!History is constituted, meaning that things that happened before us impact our current state
(forms of inequality)
-Culture, politics, economics, policies etc are built around historical institutionalism which is
why they seem normal/standardized today
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