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Lecture #5-Inequality Structures – Institutionalism, Ideology, and Hegemony

by OC4

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Paul Armstrong

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Inequality Structures Institutionalism, Ideology, and Hegemony
VIDEO - there are different structures and principles of equality
-Later we will talk about how inequality is maintained in our modern society
-We will be talking about social control
-How inequality is maintained in a modern context
!Before it was maintained through Christian ideology, gharma, kharma (overall religious
!Before it was also based on biological differences
!Skin color was also tied to inequality before.
-Institutions are structures that regulate activities, and offer answers to the two questions.
- Different institutional frameworks will answer and guide us as to how things are to be done.
- Different institutional frameworks will answer and guide us to legitimize things.
- Example, the nuclear family.
!Gender roles (homemaker mother, and breadwinner father)
!Being a son or daughter entails us to act a certain way with our parents as opposed to our
friends, a police officer, sibling, etc…
!Being a student, adult, parent, etc there are certain roles and we act a certain way in our roles
-Institutions entail structure
-You cant opt out of social institutions because they are all around us, they were here before we
were born, and will be here after we die.
-Overtime, institutions have a way of standardizing our behavior, because when we do things
over and over again, they become normal.
!Institutions imply a level of stability
-Things become standardized, habitual, normal, etc…
-History matters
!Yes history matters because everything happens in time at a certain time point (WWII
happened in the 70’s).
!History is constituted, meaning that things that happened before us impact our current state
(forms of inequality)
-Culture, politics, economics, policies etc are built around historical institutionalism which is
why they seem normal/standardized today
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