Post-Industrial Inequality (2) – Race and Ethnic Inequality
-Originally racial inequality stemmed from natural sciences to classify and separate individuals based on
physical traits (different racial backgrounds, skin color, etc…)
!A hierarchy is placed based on these different features
-Race is a social construction
!There is a valid and empirical basis for distinguishing different races
-Racialization: The process where individual’s physical traits are deemed to seem significant and
differences in these physical traits lead to inequality among people. It is intimately linked to social
-Racialization is the basis of social inequality
-Racialization serves as the justification for a great deal of colonial, empirical, and etc… history
-Racialization served as a justification
-White Man’s burden is a book is the idea that the white population has a responsibility to civilize all the
populations they invade. They had a moral responsibility to spread civilization.
-Being a slave was solely determined by the color of one’s skin.
-There are physical results of racism
-Colonialism also caused psychological costs upon Natives
-Fanon argues that colonialism wasn’t only based on the exploitation of one country intruding other
countries (it was a large part of it). He argued that the more significant feature of colonialism was the
psychological control inflicted on people. In colonialism, peoples are under the control of their colony,
and every aspect of their life is regulated, and their culture and values are de-valued. He believes
colonizers move into a colony, assert themselves physically, and try to re-write the history of the nation of
-Re-writing history like this has two effects:
1. It makes the colonizers appear as saviors (seems like they are rescuing the people of their sick,
barbaric histories). It justifies the position of the colonizers. If they ever left the colony, then the colony
would slip back into their old ways.
2. The colonized people have nothing they can look back on when they are trying to emancipate
break free of this colonization. It can lead to internalized racism (when people from a group that have
been racialized, come to believe the stereotypes that are made about them).
Internalized racism leads people to de-value their own work, and compromise their life goals (change
what they want in life and what makes them happy). The passively accept racial barriers in society.
-This picture displays uncivilized power
!The black man bowing to the white man
-It could also mean that black men are only good at being athletes while white men are good at being
business men at large corporations.