Class Notes (834,979)
Canada (508,839)
Sociology (4,077)
SOC263H5 (99)

Chapter Eleven.doc

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Anna Korteweg

ChapterEleven:CagesandHealth Current perspectives on inequality in health  Socio-economic status played a BIG role in health experiences whereas lifestyle choices such as smoking, exercising, immoderate eating accounted only moderately [biomedical approach]  Psychosocial factors emphasized effects of stress on the physiology of the body  House’s conceptual framework said we should concentrate on factors such as socio-economic status and race or ethnicity b/c they shape individual exposure to and experience of virtually all known psychosocial, environmental and biomedical risk which explain social disparities in health  He viewed race, ethnicity and gender as separate variables Mortality, Morbidity and Mental Health  The privileged in society who posses resources in form of income, education and social connections live longer and enjoy good physical and mental health  Those in low-income groups face more health constraints due to inequitable social conditions in workplaces, neighbourhoods  Mortality differences in rural and urban regions where high mortality rates are in rural regions due to occupational hazards  Presence of manufacturing and industry creates jobs but risk of toxins and pollution from these sources create health risks  Residents in low-income areas within the same city face more health challenges and risks  Low-income populations 16 times more likely to commit suicide than high-income populations  There are linkages b/w high SES levels and better health status – extended SES disadvantages was related to stronger declines in health and long-term SES advantage was linked to slower health declines over time  Phelan says higher SES enables individuals to get greater flexible resources in protecting their health for ex: moving to a better neighbourhood  Also, those with existing health conditions also face a difficulty in securing stable jobs and income; although Canada has accommodated employees with disabilities, stigma, misconceptions etc. have resulted in needs not being met for many Canadians  The tendency to regard disability in older age groups as ‘part of natural aging’ can result in older workers being excluded from productive employment  this negatively affects their income level and socio-economic status  “Prevalence of mental illness also varies according to social advantage”- poor, young, ethnic minorities, blacks have higher rates of mental illness than the well- to-do, older persons, ethnic majorities and whites  Stress-process research focuses on effects of stress on mental health: Two main streams 1. Extent to which different societal groups [varying by income, race/ethnicity, age or gender] are exposed to chronic strains and stressful events 2. Focus is on individual perceptions of stress and resources or buffers at hand for maintaining mental health  The development of psychosocial resources such as mastery, self-esteem and the perception of control over one’s environment is hindered for those who encounter ongoing structural barriers and disadvantages  Youth from low socio-economic backgrounds are twice as likely to suffer from depression or anxiety disorders  Even psychiatric disorders such as depressed moods, anxiety, alcohol problems come from those w/ fewer financial assets  Even schizophrenia which is supposed to be genetically caused is believed to be linked to work experience of noisy occupational conditions such as noise, fumes, temperature extremes  suggests class-linked stress could be a predisposing factor for the disease Race & Ethnicity  Aboriginal peoples suffer from serious health challenges in terms of tuberculosis, heart disease and injuries  Immigrants to Canada are selected partly on the basis of health, and research has
More Less

Related notes for SOC263H5

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.