Lecture 4 Gender & Inequality
What is Gender
-Sex v.s Biology: more than two sexes.
-Intersex characteristics: have both women and men 1 and 2 characteristics.
-Sex assigned when people was born, make it looks like there are only 2 sexes
(genders), but there are more than 2 sexes; tend to exaggerate sexes into two complete
different capacity (i.e : women are weak, men are physical strong)
-Women and men`s physical capacity actually overlapping
Gender as social construction: think women are sympathy, weak, follower. While men are
leader strong. Sex is the physical structure of the coat rack, gender is what you hang on
the coat rack.
Gender as structure
Definition: Gender is a social structure is to see gender as a central organizing feature of
social life. What we do, who we are, how we interact with others, our opportunities and
constraints, out advantage and disadvantage are all patterned by gender.
- Gender relation: put men in a group of power and domination over women in another
-Forms of gender inequality
-production and social reproduction
-level of society sees men as a better group to women, i.e. Unequal pay for equal work,
women have less access to political system than men
-Gender & production
Statistic Table: Medium earning, Full time worker (1978-2008)
Men earning stays constant; women earning has increased throughout 1978-2008,
but still earn less than men.
Why: women in sector which that does not pay high wage (occupation with less pay)
Success materiality leaves cut off women earning
-Gender & social reproduction
Social reproduction: array of activities and relationship that involved maintain people
both in daily basis and inter-generationally (get raised or raised parent)
Unpaid work: women spend more time on unp