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SOC263H5 (89)

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Anna Korteweg

← LEC 3 JAN 22 ← ← Lecture 3: What is Class? • How do we conduct ourselves in ways that reproduce social inequalities? • How does class and the economy link up? ← Karl Marx and Class: • Comes in during the rise of capitalism (England) • Feudalism: time of kings and queens o Market is not a big aspect of society o Those in higher power (lords) tell you who to marry, and control most aspects of life o With fall of feudalism, people could not depend on their lords for help in case of sickness etc. • Social Class: o Based in productive relations o Relational  Can only have proletariat if you have bourgeoisie • Types of Classes: o Owners of land, capital, labour power  Land important in production process o Bourgeoisie, Petit Bourgeoisie, Proletariat o Revenue margins are what Marx sees as the point of expoloitation • Thought that capitalism is the middle step to get to the ideal society o Increasingly we run prices through a market system o Supply and demand is what runs the economy o What distinguishes class is their relationship to the means of production  Leads to inequality; those who control the aspects of economy that are in high demand, eg. Factories, had the most wealth o Capitalists need labour power  Labour bought and sold in the market o For Marx, those who own property and land, have the ability to exploit the labour power (they control the price) o Marx liked capitalism b/c of its large output but hated it b/c of its creation of class ← ← Max Weber and Class • Comes in at a time where Capitalism is more established (Germany) • Centrally concerned with inequality • Class Situation o Economic determinant o Class situation not determined relationally, but by the chance of having certain goods, access to life chances • Life Chances and Social Class o Class is classified by the power we have to control our life chances  Where do you live (type of neighborhood) o Doesn’t see class in antagonistic way that Marx does o There can be mobility b/w social class o Status denoted prestige and honour • “Class, Status, Party” o 4 types of class  Working class  Petite bourgeoisie  Property less intelligencia specialists  Classes privileged through property and education o Status: group of ppl of the same class o Party: voluntary organizations • Power and Domination o Power: is about the capacity to make somebody do something, even if they don’t want to  It doesn’t matter what gives you that power, it’s the fact that you have it
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