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Lecture

SOC263 Lecture notes for Nov 14, 2013.pdf

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC263H5
Professor
Anna Korteweg
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC263 Lecture Nov 14 ­ Paid Work Exam is unaccumulative; on last 4 chapters Outline: 1. What is Paid Work? 2. Paid Work: Historical Transformations 3. Paid Work & Inequality ­ Definitions and Facts a. Good vs. Bad Jobs b. Occupational Stratification 4. Paid Work & Inequality ­ Explanations: a. Segmented Labour Markets b. Human Capital Approaches c. Gender, Race & Ethnicity, Age, Migration 5. Unemployment 6. Income and Poverty What is Paid Work? ● the wage in a wage exchange is enough to reproduce the worker and their children but it doesn't equal to value of product/service you produce ● the difference between the value produced by the worker and value accrued from the product is surplus value ● part of the surplus value constitutes to the profit after everything is deducted 1. Exchange Relationship ­ when work becomes work for pay 2. Class: (p.178) Multiple choice question: What are the 4 classes and meanings? a. capitalist­executive class ■ control labour of production b. old middle class ■ commands the means of production but not the labour power of others ■ they don't make product from the labour power of others but from selling the products more expensive c. new middle class ■ they don't own means of production, they work on behalf of the people who own it d. working class ■ doesn't control mean of production ● you fit in the category based on how you related to those who own the means of production ● this way of producing, capitalist production is a historically unique form of running a communist ●   Paid Work: Historical Transformation ● Rise of capitalist production: (p.177) ● it's unique in its complexity and it's scale, the scale of our economic relationship is tremendous (5 dimensions) ○ control of means of production and private ownership by relatively few people ○ about continuous growth growing and increasing profits ○ wage exploitation ­ the exploitation of labour power ○ selling of labour power by workers as free agents on their behalf ­ notion of labour wage exchange, workers has freedom to sell their labour ­ workers act as free agents when they sell their labour power ○ commodity exchange that takes place in free markets subjects to supply and demand which in turn regulates economic activity ● Capitalist Transformations: ○ Service economy (Harry Braverman) ­ produced most powerful analysis ■ 1974 Harry wrote a book; there's a problem in capitalism; ■ argued that the way to ensure that you would get maximum amount of effort over an amount of time was to ... of machines ■ this would be how he would treat jobs as we shifted into the service economy ○ Knowledge economy (Daniel Bell) ■ with the transistion to service economy from labour factories, its not that work will become more simplified little tasks that extracts more work from people, we will increasingly rely on people with detailed knowledge for the continuous function of the complex economy ■ growth of a new knowledge class, ppl who exercise authority throught technical competence ● Globalization: global commodity chains and digital globalization ○ globalization declin
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