1) What is Gender? Sex vs. Gender
2) Gender as a structure: gender relations
3) Gender Inequality: production & social Reproduction
4) Explaining Gender Inequality:
Sex vs. Gender:
Sex as biology: more than two sexes?
Gender as social construction, which organize our social structures + relationships + institution
The only real difference is the chromosome: XY (man) & XX (woman)
It’s not about biology how we live organize our society.
What happens when we think of sex as social construction
Normal Distribution (Woman & Man)
We put effort into making sure that other people can recognize you’re a man or woman.
Biology: everything doesn’t fit in a male and female box
o Ambiguous sex organs (XXY)
o Medicalization of ambiguous sex organs ▯surgery
We actively shape our bodies
* Gender is socially constructed, and our social ideas of our biological sex plays a role in social construction of gender
Gender as Structure
Definition: A central organizing feature of our social life. (p.44)
Patterned relationship that constructs our ideas on how a girl/boy should act. Formed through interactions
Gender relations: a way of labeling the gender structure, refers to a complex system of personal and social relations of
domination and power through which man and woman are socially created and maintain, and through to which they gain
access to power, material resources, and allocated status/ privileges within the society.
o Institutional structures which affects our material resources and status.