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SOC263H5 Lecture Notes - Israeli Settler Violence, White Nationalism, Canadian Confederation

Course Code
Mary Jo Nadeau

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January 19th
Tracing Canada’s White Settler History
White Settler Colonialism
-the dispossession and near extermination of indigenous populations by the conquering
ostructured by racial hierarchies
ex. Australia – dominated the population in number and power through
oeconomic and cultural apartheids
forms of where people are situated following the colonization process
ex. Canada – labour markets – whole whites have greater access
omythologies of white superiority, ownership and belonging
ideas that make the claim that white people have a rightful access to the
land or are somehow natural to it
-global concept, not simply restricted to Canada – ex. South Africa (Dutch)
odifferent from Canada? different proportion of population and motives
Colonization on a Global Scale
5 phases of European Colonization/Globalization
1. slavery and exploration of non-European lands, peoples (c.1492)
2. early contact, conquest, settlement, slavery and colonization of large parts of the world
by Europe
3. permanent European settlement, colonization, exploitation (capitalism as global market)
4. period of imperial wars (up to WW1)
5. post-WW2 western capitalist expansion, neo-colonialism, globalized, neoliberalism
-colonization and colonialism goes hand in hand with racism
Colonization through…
-resource appropriation and mercantilism (1492 to 1700s)
oforms of trade etc.
oresource extraction
-European white settlement (1700s)
-land treaties and deception (royal proclamation 1763)
-nation-building (Canadian confederation 1987)
oformation of Canada – starts forming its ideal of white Canada
-settler violence (slavery and white nationalist movements ex. Canada first)
-assimilation and erasure
-state immigration policies (1867-current)
opreferred and non-preferred races – degrees of whiteness to settle the
opolicies of exclusion – who cannot come in
-multicultural myths of unity and tolerance
Film – The Other Side of the Ledger – An Indian View of the Hudson’s Bay Company
-Rupert’s Land – exclusively occupied by the Indian and Eskimo
-1970: 300th anniversary of HBC
-why is the Queen of England visiting Canada? – posed to the nation as “celebration” but
its actually colonial power and the relationship between HBC and colonialism
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