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Lecture 6

SOC275H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Illegal Immigration, Labor Rights, Participant Observation

Course Code
Hae Yeon Choo

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Monday, October 24, 2016
SOC275 - 6
Converging Lives, Diverging Citizenship
-there were 2 Filipino women who divorced their husbands
-they had the option of moving to South Korea and they did
-Katherine became a factory worker and Rachel became a hostess in clubs
-Katherine was undocumented with a vibrant ethnic community and claims to labour
-she has her salary and the pay wasn’t bad
-Rachel had a legal visa but without labour protection and without a community
-the pay wasn’t good because the club owner didn't like her
-they sent her back to the Philippines even though she had 3 months left on her visa
Research Questions
1) how do Filipina women like Katherine and Rachel become migrant women in South
2) what produces the differentiated practice of labour and social rights for migrant
factor workers and club hostess in SK?
The rise of temporary labour migration on a global scale
-the number of people who legally enter Canada are less than those who enter
-people in temporary labour visa: people had to work for 4 years, go back home, then
come back for another 4 years (creates an insecurity within the workers)
-Gendered forms of temporary labour migrations: domestic work, sex work, light
manufacturing (done as a temporary thing because you’re expected to leave)
-SK used to send workers over seas but the “Four Asian Tigers” grew the economy
and began receiving more immigrants
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Monday, October 24, 2016
“Migrant for export” in the Philippines: producing national heroes
-send people over seas to work ; they are seen as being heroes and are expected to
send things back to their families
Converging paths from the Philippines to SK
-they need to be able to do what they need to do where they need to work and they
are kept in certain boundaries and borders
-their rights become limited
-they're considered “guestworkers”
Participant Observation
-phase 1: factorytown
-phase 2: basetown
-phase 3: return phases (in-depth interviews)
Gender-Segregated work in Factorytown
-30% women in manufacturing
-women and men were working in the same factories but they did different work
-men cut the wood and women used sand paper on the wood
-men operated shoe machines and women packaged them
-women were paid less because their work was considered “easier” as well as men
were doing more overtime work
Feminized club work in Basetown
-Main juice: ex. for 15 minutes of their time, people pay $10 and women get $2 and
give $8 to the club owner
-women had a certain quota of the number of juices they needed to sell
-some men started developing regular relationships with the club workers
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