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Lecture 8

SOC275H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Malala Yousafzai, The Hidden Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum

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Hae Yeon Choo

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Lecture Week 8 The Gendered Classroom: Formal Education and the
Hidden curriculum
History of blocked opportunity for women in education
- Until the 19th century, most Canadian children, boys and girls,
received very little formal education
- Since the late 19th century, formal education has historically
been limited by sex and class: for upper-class boys and men
- Teaching imperial manhood:
- British civilization, Christian morality, healthy bodies
Virginia Woolf, a British writer 1882-1941
- A woman must have money and a room of her own
Malala Yousafzai
- Continuing 3ghts for girls’ education in northern Pakistan
What should girls and women learn?
- Early phase: Education for their proper sphere and not for
- Anxieties about co-ed and women’s colleges
- 1900: 10% of Canadian undergraduates were women, by 1920,
25%, by 1980s, more than 50%
Gender and Higher Education
-Women now constitute majority of students on college campuses
-But social class, rather than gender or race, is still the determining factor
-Persisting gender segregation in majors; men still outnumber women in elite
universities and doctoral/professional programs
-Higher educational premium for women; as compared to their high school
graduate counterparts, women with university degrees earn 55% more, while men
earn 17% more
The Hidden Curriculum
- Refers to the covert lessons that schools teach, often as a means
of social control, that are transmitted through the informal
interactions with both teach and other students
- It can reinforce inequalities of class, race, gender, and sexuality
Sociologist Shamus Khan, “Privilege”
- Creating comfort as a sign of privilege; gendered hierarchy
Sociologist Victor Rios
- Punished: Policing the lives of black and Latino boys
- Study of the ‘youth control complex’ in Oakland, California
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