Class Notes (836,210)
Canada (509,690)
Sociology (4,077)
SOC307H5 (49)
Lecture 7

lecture 7.docx

5 Pages
89 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOC307H5
Professor
Reza Barmaki
Semester
Summer

Description
Wednesday, August 1, 2012 Social Disorganization Theory (Chicago School) Ecological Explanation  Study of organisms relations with their environment and each other  Reflects degree scarcity of resources (food, mate…)  Unintentional system (not engineered) Key concept: Natural Habitat  A natural system  Equilibrium: parts have adjusted  Often: a system of predator-prey  Keeps numbers of each specie in check Result of introduction of new specie?  Equilibrium is disturbed  What to do with the new specie  No “Natural” enemy  Either adjust, or system is destroyed These ideas were applied to cities (Human Ecology)  Cities: natural environments  Ecological processes operate  Immigration: new species  Processes intensify as population grows  Competition for scarce resources: housing, jobs, food…  Disturbed equilibrium (social order)  How is social order achieved in such ethnic diversity...Assimilation Four parts of assimilation process: 1. Competition  Groups pursue their own interests without paying attention to other individuals or groups 2. Conflict  Groups consciously try to eliminate other individuals or groups 3. Accommodation  Adjustment in order to reduce conflict and achieve mutual security 4. Assimilation  Separate groups acquire each other’s culture, or become part of a common culture Segregation  A form of accommodation  “Tolerated, but not fully accepted”  Indicates: accommodation, conflictual tolerance, satisfies needs  “A stranger amongst us…”  “On the fringes of society”  May prevent disorganization Structural Functionalism  Talcott Parsons  1902-1978  American  Emerges in the late thirties, early forties when American society was beginning to recover from the depression  Shows us something about our system which ultimately is a good system Organic Analogy  Life forms  Food, defense, procreation, adaptation  Organs: perform specific functions  Contribute to existence of organism  Combined activity of all of them keeps the organ alive Existence of Society (AGIL) Adaptation: to situational exigency (environmental change, war, famine…) Goal attainment: must attain its collective goal (population increase, health…) Integration: must regulate interactions (institutional, individual…) Latency: maintain/renew cultural belief Society: Social system  A system of interrelated parts  Organs, institutions  Key institutions: economy, polity, religion, family, education  Contribute, compliment each other  Hierarchical: roles, expectations, rewards  Inequality is systemic  Ultimate result: existence of society (AGIL) Parson’s Structural-Functional Model of Society – Institutional Interaction (Ref. Diagram)  Family: sexual regulation, socialization  Education: knowledge; citizens’ collective ideals, loyalty  Politics: leadership, compliance  Economy: necessities of life, employment  Religion: moral codes, compassion Source of Crime/Deviance 1. Partial-legitimation of disapproved acts  Increases likelihood of deviance, ex. Tattoos, marijuana 2. Contradictory values  Between society/subculture 3. Social stratification  Lower classes are less likely to be subje
More Less

Related notes for SOC307H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit