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SOC307-Lecture 1 July 9, 2012
Criminology: Scientific Understanding of Crime
1-Description-what? (Categorization, definition, data)
2- Explanations: why? (Theoretical) ex: why do some people stand on street at 3am
and do what they do (other peoples theories)
3-Policy Recommendations: solutions
Different Types of Crime
Political Crimes
Power as reward
Governments
Politicians
Assassinations
Kidnapping
Vote rigging
Etc.
International Crimes
Governmental or non-governmental agencies
Crimes against humanity
War crimes
Torture
Ethnic cleansing
Use of banned biochemical agents in war
Economic Crimes
Individuals
Illegal Organizations
Organized crime
Legitimate organizations
Corporations
Why? (Explanation)
Personal motives-normal & abnormal
Organizational goals
Sociological theories:
Individual & organizational motives
Shaped by larger economic, political and cultural forces
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Individual Motives
Economic-monetary, gain
Passions/desires- jealousy, sex
Under influence- drugs, alcohol…
Opportunity- stealing, not paying…
Induced by broader trends
Individual Crime Stories: starting point for sociological analysis
Impersonating police officer
Porn detective
Borrow porn for free
Check the age of actors/actresses
Sociological curiosity:
Sex & crime link
What are broader causes or implications?
Psychology and Crime
February 22, 2010
Scotland
Man, 22 years
Sex with a tree in the park
Banned from entering the park again
Method of understanding Crime: applies to all forms of crime
Description- what?
Explanation- why?
Policy- recommendation
Hate Crime Canada
Description:
How many
How long
What kinds
When where
Trends over the years-helps with “description” part
Organizational Crimes
1-organized crime
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