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SOC307H5 (49)

Lecture 1 Notes

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University of Toronto Mississauga
David Brownfield

SOC307: Lecture 1 January 10, 2013  Two midterm tests in class (35% of the course grade – given choice of answering 1 out of 2 essay questions) Defining Delinquency  Much of “delinquency” involves the violation of social rules or “morality” (not just violations of legal rules)  Youth courts have historically had jurisdiction over “dependent” and “neglected” children  The first criminal children’s court was in Toronto, not in Chicago; established as a branch of the adult court  The goal was to remove children and young offenders from the criminal courts  First juvenile court established in North American was in 1894 in Toronto  “Children’s Protective Act” passed in 1893 (intent to remove children entirely from the adult courts)  Provinces do not have jurisdiction over criminal law matters; separate “dominion act” required, and it was passed in 1894  Legislative intent of 1893-1894 laws was to: 1. Establish a private court 2. Create a social welfare agency 3. Expand legal jurisdiction over child abuse cases  Three stages preceded formal legislation on delinquency in 1908: 1. Reformatory stage: replaced imprisonment in jails that also detained adult offenders (1880s) 2. Industrial schools, more “treatment” focused (late 1880s-early 1890s) 3. (1890-1910) Probation displaces incarceration, especially among young offenders Laws on delinquency  Jurisdiction of
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