SOC307H5 Lecture Notes - Breastfeeding, Silent Treatment, Reinforcement

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16 Oct 2013
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Animal behavior can be studied for understanding human behavior. How do you control behavior of an organism? animal or human beings. Use of consequences to modify the occurrence and form of behavior. There are four ways controlling organisms behavior: because there are 4 different ways. Behavior is followed by an unpleasant stimulus *electric shock or loud noise experiment) Example in human behavior: stealing --> cut hands (2) negative punishment. Behavior is followed by the removal of a favorable stimulus. E. g. : taking away a child"s toy following an undesired behavior. E. g. : giving people the silent treatment (removing your friendship) These two forms of punishments result in : decrease in wan unwanted behavior what if you want to increase a behavior. Behavior is followed by a favorable stimulus. Rewards increases frequency of that behavior (4) negative reinforcement. Behavior is followed by the removal of an unpleasant stimulus. Results in: (a) aggression (b) other responses withdrawal, quitting, abandoning.

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