SOC307H5 Lecture Notes - False Advertising, Self-Control, Subculture

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Crime and Delinquency
January. 05. 2011
1
Criminology: Scientific Understanding of Crime
๎€ Criminology is a branch of sociology
+ We can talk about the sociology of politics, the sociology of food, the
sociology
of globalization.
๎€ We can look at crime from a scientific point of view, and a religious point of view.
๎€ There are many different typologies of crime.
๎€‚ There are three scientific components of understanding crime.
1. Description
๎€‚ What? (Categorization, definition, data)
๎€‚ You describe the situation which is occurring
eg: Who is involved within the situations (race, age, color, ect.)
๎€‚ There are many different types of crime
eg: White collar crime, organized crime, smuggling, fraud, ect.
2. Explanations:
๎€‚ Why? (Theoretical)
๎€‚ Why did the situation occur? Or Why does it occur?
3. Policy Recommendations:
๎€‚ Solutions to the crime/situation
Different Forms of Crimes:
1. Political Crime
๎€‚ Crime committed by Governments.
๎€‚ Political crimes are usually done in order to have POWER.
๎€‚ Assassinations occur within political crimes.
eg: Assassinations, kidnapping, vote rigging.
eg: J.F Kennedy was assassinated by the United States.
๎€‚Crime does not just occur on the streets.
2. International Crime
๎€‚Can be both governmental and NON-Governmental
๎€ Usually crimes against humanity
๎€‚ War Crimes
๎€‚Torture
๎€‚ Ethnic Cleansing
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Crime and Delinquency
January. 05. 2011
2
๎€‚ The use of banned bio-chemical agents in war.
3. Economic Crime
๎€‚ Economic crimes are usually committed in order to gain monetary
rewards.
๎€‚ Consists of illegal organizations
๎€‚ Can sometimes take the form of organized crime
eg: Hells Angels
๎€‚ They plan things, they have leaders, they have a hierarchy
which is
followed.
๎€‚ Legitimate Institutions
๎€‚ Usually entails white collar crime, committed by high power people
who
make the lower class suffer
๎€‚ Incorporations.
Individual Crime: Its Motives
๎€‚ There are many different reasons as to why people commit individual crimesโ€ฆ
a. Economic Reasons:
๎€In order to gain some type of monetary gain (eg: Shoplifing,
burglary).
b. Passion Reasons:
๎€ People carry our crimes due to jealousy, hatred, ect.
๎€Eg: A boyfriend/girlfriend in a fight may assault each other.
c. Under Influence Reasons
๎€ People may commit a crime due to being intoxicated
eg: Drinking and driving
๎€‚ These are usually innocent people.
๎€‚ Drugs, alchohal
d. Opportunity Reasons
๎€ Some people may commit a crime if they are given the opportunity
eg: If presented a opportunity to steal, innocent people will usually do
it.
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Document Summary

Criminology: scientific understanding of crime sociology of globalization. we can look at crime from a scientific point of view, and a religious point of view. there are many different typologies of crime. + we can talk about the sociology of politics, the sociology of food, the: description. there are three scientific components of understanding crime. you describe the situation which is occurring. there are many different types of crime eg: white collar crime, organized crime, smuggling, fraud, ect. eg: who is involved within the situations (race, age, color, ect. : explanations: Or why does it occur: policy recommendations: solutions to the crime/situation: political crime. political crimes are usually done in order to have power. assassinations occur within political crimes. eg: assassinations, kidnapping, vote rigging. eg: j. f kennedy was assassinated by the united states. crime does not just occur on the streets. the use of banned bio-chemical agents in war.

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