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SOC307H5 (49)


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Reza Barmaki

Crime and Delinquency January. 05. 2011 1 Criminology: Scientific Understanding of Crime Criminology is a branch of sociology + We can talk about the sociology of politics, the sociology of food, the sociology of globalization. We can look at crime from a scientific point of view, and a religious point of view. There are many different typologies of crime. There are three scientific components of understanding crime. 1. Description What? (Categorization, definition, data) You describe the situation which is occurring eg: Who is involved within the situations (race, age, color, ect.) There are many different types of crime eg: White collar crime, organized crime, smuggling, fraud, ect. 2. Explanations: Why? (Theoretical) Why did the situation occur? Or Why does it occur? 3. Policy Recommendations: Solutions to the crime/situation Different Forms of Crimes: 1. Political Crime Crime committed by Governments. Political crimes are usually done in order to have POWER. Assassinations occur within political crimes. eg: Assassinations, kidnapping, vote rigging. eg: J.F Kennedy was assassinated by the United States. Crime does not just occur on the streets. 2. International Crime Can be both governmental and NON-Governmental Usually crimes against humanity War Crimes Torture Ethnic Cleansing Crime and Delinquency January. 05. 2011 2 The use of banned bio-chemical agents in war. 3. Economic Crime Economic crimes are usually committed in order to gain monetary rewards. Consists of illegal organizations Can sometimes take the form of organized crime eg: Hells Angels They plan things, they have leaders, they have a hierarchy which is followed. Legitimate Institutions Usually entails white collar crime, committed by high power people who make the lower class suffer Incorporations. Individual Crime: Its Motives There are many different reasons as to why people commit individual crimes… a. Economic Reasons: In order to gain some type of monetary gain (eg: Shoplifing, burglary). b. Passion Reasons: People carry our crimes due to jealousy, hatred, ect. Eg: A boyfriend/girlfriend in a fight may assault each other. c. Under Influence Reasons People may commit a crime due to being intoxicated eg: Drinking and driving These are usually innocent people. Drugs, alchohal d. Opportunity Reasons Some people may commit a crime if they are given the opportunity eg: If presented a opportunity to steal, innocent people will usually do it. Crime and Delinquency January. 05. 2011 3 Individual Criminals: Skills We can categorize people into amateur and professional. Usually people who are amateur do not know how to rationally carry out the crime secretly. Some people are professional criminal They commit crime for a living. The dress in order to disguise themselves as not being criminals. Crime and Power Blue Collar Crime: Lower Socio-economic classes Mechanics, more prone towards sanctions Do not have a lot of money Our prisons are full of blue collar criminals White Collar Crime: Upper class criminals Usually individuals or institutions who carry out illegal activity via legitimate business transactions. Scientific Methods of Understanding Crime: Applies to all forms of crime 1. Description (What)? 2. Explanation (Why)? 3. Policy Recommendati
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