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SOC307H5 Lecture Notes - False Advertising, Self-Control, Subculture

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Reza Barmaki

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Crime and Delinquency
January. 05. 2011
Criminology: Scientific Understanding of Crime
Criminology is a branch of sociology
+ We can talk about the sociology of politics, the sociology of food, the
of globalization.
We can look at crime from a scientific point of view, and a religious point of view.
There are many different typologies of crime.
There are three scientific components of understanding crime.
1. Description
What? (Categorization, definition, data)
You describe the situation which is occurring
eg: Who is involved within the situations (race, age, color, ect.)
There are many different types of crime
eg: White collar crime, organized crime, smuggling, fraud, ect.
2. Explanations:
Why? (Theoretical)
Why did the situation occur? Or Why does it occur?
3. Policy Recommendations:
Solutions to the crime/situation
Different Forms of Crimes:
1. Political Crime
Crime committed by Governments.
Political crimes are usually done in order to have POWER.
Assassinations occur within political crimes.
eg: Assassinations, kidnapping, vote rigging.
eg: J.F Kennedy was assassinated by the United States.
Crime does not just occur on the streets.
2. International Crime
Can be both governmental and NON-Governmental
Usually crimes against humanity
War Crimes
Ethnic Cleansing

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Crime and Delinquency
January. 05. 2011
The use of banned bio-chemical agents in war.
3. Economic Crime
Economic crimes are usually committed in order to gain monetary
Consists of illegal organizations
Can sometimes take the form of organized crime
eg: Hells Angels
They plan things, they have leaders, they have a hierarchy
which is
Legitimate Institutions
Usually entails white collar crime, committed by high power people
make the lower class suffer
Individual Crime: Its Motives
There are many different reasons as to why people commit individual crimes
a. Economic Reasons:
In order to gain some type of monetary gain (eg: Shoplifing,
b. Passion Reasons:
People carry our crimes due to jealousy, hatred, ect.
Eg: A boyfriend/girlfriend in a fight may assault each other.
c. Under Influence Reasons
People may commit a crime due to being intoxicated
eg: Drinking and driving
These are usually innocent people.
Drugs, alchohal
d. Opportunity Reasons
Some people may commit a crime if they are given the opportunity
eg: If presented a opportunity to steal, innocent people will usually do
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