lecture three

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6 Jan 2011
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Conceptions of deterrence that resulted from rational choice tradition
ABSOLUTE DETTERANCE
-Penalty is swift, sure and terrible
-The goal is to have no crime committed
-And example is a realised offender whose experience in jail prevents him from
reoffending
GENERAL DETTERENCE
-Public punishment which is sure rapid and terrible
-Focuses on serious crimes such as murder and robbery
-The goal is to punishment of individual corrections not intended
-It sends a message for general preventions
Assumption of deterrence theory
-Humans are hedonistic
-Want to have more pleasure and avoid pain
-Knowledge of painful consequences has a deterring offence
An Example
You and your friend need money
You can have it in 30 seconds (pleasure) instead of working for two weeks (pain)
You think about it
What would stop you and your friend from doing this? Working two months for four
thousand, or making ten in two minutes?
SPECIFIC DETERRENCE
-Focuses on the individual offender
-New offenders, young offenders, repeat offenders (minor crimes such as shoplifting
or DUIs)
-Rehabilitation: discourage the criminal from any future criminal acts
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-You have to be careful with young offenders, they are not adults so you cannot be as
harsh with them
-They call it correction to correct someone
-Deterrence is always future oriented
-Educational classes: basic literacy, ethics, religion
-Teach them useful skills, trades, to help them when they get out
RELATIVE DETERRENCE
-Changing the frequency and effectiveness of your methods
-An example: increasing visibility of means of surveillance (more cameras)
-Increasing the seriousness of punishment
-Goals is to introducing uncertainty into would be law breakers plans and forcing
them to rethink or abandon their plans
-For example putting sensors on clothing in the stores and having cameras for
shoplifters, etc
-By changing means of deterrence you show the potential offenders that its to risky
INCAPACITATION
-Goal: taking away the offenders ability/chances to commit crime
-Rehabilitation (correction) is not the goal
Thomas Silberstein: has been in solitary confinement since 1983 the longest in the US
history
He has been there for over 30 years, you cannot change him now, he says hes an artist but
hes very viscious. He has his one self caged in the basement, no one or even guards talk to
him. 30 years without talking to anyone else because he still commits crime in jail.
RESTRICTIVE DETERRENCE
-Forcing offenders to modify their habits in order to avoid arrest, punishment..
-Forcing them to change the type of crime or the frequency of it
-Example: changing from dealing drugs to fencing stolen goods
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