Victim precipitation theory
•The offender: as the initiator
lets look at the more conceptual explinations for crime. We look at the offender as
the one to blame because they made the decision to do it.
•Target vulnerability: choosing a target is very important, offenders want to make
sure they can handle these victims if they have any kind of weakness (physical,
mental, social, powerless, poor). For example, they usually prey on elderly for
financial crimes such as fraud or burglaries.
•Target gratifiability has something that someone wants such as valuable objects,
physical pleasure, or psychological pleasure. If anything this is a huge part of our
social life, human beings always want to enhance their sense of status.
•Target antagonism: target effects the offender emotionally. They say the target
offended them or attacked them first such as anger, jealousy, hatred.. or it could be
out of something uncontrollable such as ethnicity, unconventionality, economic,
reasons, sexuality, etc.
•The victim is the initiator: victims causing their own victimization
2 basic ways you can be the cause of your own victimization:
a) ACTIVE: victim provokes the act knowingly such as self defence murder
b) PASSIVE: victim unknowingly provokes the act by threatening the offender
(jealousy –cheating on partner, hate crime - race, economic conflicts - promotions,
•Provoking rape?!?!?! Rapist say that they were provoked
•Female: proactive dressing sense, behaviour ... was used as a criminal defence
•“she asked for it”
ROUTINE ACTIVITES THEORY
•Availability of suitable target
•Always assume there is a motivated offender out there
•Absence of capable guardians