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Lecture #10

Course Code
Zachary Levinsky

of 3
November 16th 2011
Lecture #10
-theorizing lockdowns
-boot camps and restorative justice…er…similarities?
-Bill C-10
Lockdown policy – Toronto District School Board [TDSB)
-take control of situation by now allowing students into the bathrooms or
leave the classroom
-provide protection by notifying who was missed in class and who is in class
-avoid situations with regards to windows and doors -> not allowing people to
get in or out
-create scary situations
Lockdowns: Ordering Bodies and Information
-parents – have specific area where to get information about situation and
kept away from immediate danger or threat (avoiding busy times on
communication lines)
-reaction to Columbine difficulties
-pass (Parental Awareness Safe Schools program) – reunification
communication and forms
Controlling Images and Controlling Blame
-new reality not school violence but school/police exacerbated the situation
-some bled to death
-SWAT team not helping with escape
-Body uncovered for 28 Hours
-people could or would have survived if the tactics that were used were
-not honest in communication with parents
-aesthetic of murder scene
-not safety issues
-post columbine – use for how it looks, kept it organized, enhancing
-Geneva Plan
-get out of building now approach once threat was recognized,
everyone outside is safe, everyone inside is potential victim
-lockdown can inhibit the potential for safety
Ordering Educators (decision making)
-“this is a moral issue. Can you live with it?”
-can you live without checking bathrooms if someone is in there and
-classroom management
-teachers and principals are overt and explicit targets
-principal decision making
-asked to not give “all clear” with dealing with a gun to your head
-“I’m telling you not to confront the shooter [because] I don’t want to be
sued” BUT “confronting the attacker could end your life…or save it”
-“be prepared for confusion
-“don’t let the police talk down to you”
Ordering of the Media
-two failures of CW Jeffrey Lockdown
-media able to interview students on bus
-information not provided in a timely way
-media relations training:
-incredible sensitivity for the well-being of staff and students
-a concern for litigation
-“there is no such thing as off the record”
-“talk [to the media] like you are in grade three”
Boot Camps and Restorative Justice… Similarities?
-boot camps = very militaristic, strict, retreat, ie scared straight
-restorative justice = victim focused, admit wrongful doing, shaming
-isn’t one exclusionary and the other inclusionary
-know Ontario example [in text] – Project Turnaround
-similar in how discuss young people, nostalgia
-Kathleen Daly – know myths
-myth that interventions and boot camps can produce radical change in
-anecdotal knowledge
-common sense
-empowerment, accountability, and other ‘vague terms’
-restorative justice on slippery slope to ‘get tough’ – Daly
-as enacted restorative justice resembles risk-based exclusionary practices –
-is this because of the political climate
Will to Empower – Barbara Cruikshank
-it is established by experts
-entails a democratically unaccountable exercise of power
-it depends on the knowledge of those to be empowered
-involves a voluntary and coercive exercise of power upon the subjectivity of
the empowered
Bill C-10 (Part 4) Changes
-short title “Sebastian’s law” (Protecting the public from violent young
-specific deterrence and denunciation as sentencing principals
-R. v. B.W.P [2006]
-violent offences include reckless behaviour endangering public safety
-R. v. C.D. [2005]
-pre-sentence detentions
-new definition of serious offences
-presumptive sentences
-court can impose prison sentences on a young person who have been
subject to numerous extra judicial sanctions
-requires police to keep records of extra judicial measures used so “their
criminal tendencies can be documented”
-facilitates publication of names for young offenders convicted of violent
-prohibits imprisonment in adult correctional facilities
Newspaper Articles
-What do we think of the proposals to amend the YCJA and the critiques?
-Can the justice system be the ‘answer’?
-what is the question?
-to protecting the public?
-to tackling the causes of youth crime?
-to responding appropriately to youth crime?
Final Exam
*know table with different types of justice
-not exactly cumulative
-need to know major building blocks for other features from this
-multiple choice focused on this semester
Book Review
-why relevant to youth justice and course lectures or books
-summarize major points of sections (2-3 MAX pages)
-use chapters to provide summary