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Lecture 2

SOC316H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Informal Social Control, Crime Prevention, Conservation-Restoration Of Cultural Heritage


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC316H5
Professor
Paula Maurutto
Lecture
2

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Lecture 2- January 18, 2013
From Penal Welfare to Crime Control
Penal Welfare to Crime Control
Main Characteristics of
o Penal Welfare
o Crime Control
How has shift to crime control transformed everyday life?
Crime Prevention vs. Traditional Criminal Justice Approaches; how is crime prevention different
from criminal justice approaches
Characteristics of Crime Prevention
Characterization of shift from “penal welfarism” to “crime control”
Risk Society (Ulrick Beck & Richard Ericson)
Actuarial Justice (Malcolm Feeley & Johnathan Simon)
Post-Keynesian state (Pat O’Malley)
Culture of Control (David Garland)
New criminology of everyday life
**suggesting we entered a new epoc in crime control and it changed the way we think about crime and
punishments so we punish differently and for different reasons than in the 1970s
Main Characteristics of Penal Welfarism
Characterized by correctionalism and an emphasis on treatment and rehabilitation
o Rehabilitation taking strong hold in criminal justice system since 1940s
A reaction against corporal punishment
Focused on disciplining and reforming offenders in order to reintegrate them into society
o Idea that people were going to come back in the society so they need to be rehabilitated
so they can adequately contribute to society without engaging in criminal behaviour
o Development/expansaion of parole, probation, special youth courts
Largely deprived as approach to crime control that emerged with welfare state (early 1900s)
1940s-1970s talk about different era (penal welfarism acording to David Garland)
Same time that social science experts emerging (influenced rise of rehabilitation); rise of field of
criminology, sociology and produce experts that focus on rehabilitation
o Not a strong focus on politics- crime left to the experts by politicians
1970s-1980s: transition from penal welfarism to crime control
o Rooted in economic crisis of 1970s (1973 economic crisis catalyst for emergence of
crime control era)
o Cultural conservation and economic conservatism
o Governments in western world become concerned about spending ; less money
available for rehabilitation programs (no longer a viable way of pursuing criminal
justicec practices)
Too expensive and not doing what they wanted
Not spend money on it for it to be working well
o Promoting anti-welfare social policy
o Changed social/political meaning of crime and social welfare
**social welfare circles , crime control and economic circles shift to right wing
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