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Lecture 4

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Paula Maurutto

Lecture 4- February 1, 2013 The Culture of Security & Surveillance OUTLINE • 3 Models of Surveillance • Predominant models in field of criminology • Characteristics of Surveillance • Implications for Privacy and Autonomy Surveillance Introduction  Surveillance about accumulation of knowledge about population or sites  Goal is about managing population or sites  Also about classifying individuals Models of Surveillance • George Orwell’s Big Brother • Been the predominant model that has dominated literature and the field until 1980s • Wrote book called 1984 (Written in 1949 after WWII) talking about the future and dystopia in the future; image of undesirable future state • Writes that world will be divided into three parts: Oceana, East Asia, and they are all in war with each other • Big Brother in the book is a TV screen that is everywhere so the government can watch you [no freedom of expression] (this is the idea being used in surveillance studies- government can monitor everything you do and this is how they have control) • “Big Brother is watching you”- referring to the state government; one of the most recognized phrase in surveillance studies [defined in different ways depending on the country or technology being referred to] • Bureaucratic mechanism of control- i.e. UTOR emails monitored by the university and deleted messages can be retrieved in case of fraud • Amusement parks structured around crowd control –Disney gets you to conform • Power and control of state maintained through surveillance • Assumption that power maintained through centralized bureaucracy • Forces people to conform rather than to question **surveillance leads to conformity- never know when you are being watched so they simply comply** [disciplining society and controlling people] • Foucault’s Panopticon • Michelle Foucault • Deleuze & Guattari’s Survellant Assemblages (most recent) • Tries to deal with surveillance in the global context • Conceptual tool that allows us to rethink surveillance and how current survellant assemblages work • Strands in web can all be connected • Not only governments/major organizations that monitor but all of us engage in monitoring each other • Facebook can be used to monitor us (i.e. employers searching potential employees) • Consumer profiling- using internet searches or purchases (i.e. stores asking for postal code or such which is later sold to third parties who are developing consumer profiles to better target information to you) • Data double being produced- body being broken down and being recorded • Body and your thoughts being reproduced in virtual space • Movements tracked through cct cameras and spending habits monitored through credit cards • Es
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