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SOC316H5 (66)

Lecture 1.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Paula Maurutto

Lecture 1 • Course focuses on international content, not just Canadian material (i.e. looking at the contrast between different countries) • Innovation in criminology and criminal justice • How crime control and ideas of security affect institutions beyond the prison system • i.e. crime control of everyday life • Community as central concept of crime prevention (linking with organizations in community and the problems with it) _______________ • Increase in theories, practices, programs and organizations of crime prevention since 1980s CRIME PREVENTION is: “the anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and the initiation of action to remove or reduce it.” (National Crime Prevention Institute). • Actions taken before a crime is committed • Potential of crime and stopping it before it occurs • i.e. attitudes, behaviour, activities Who is RESPONSIBLE for Crime Prevention? • All citizens • The police or security organizations are a central component, but crime prevention is accomplished and encouraged among all citizens and groups in society (i.e., families, schools, communities, the labour market, in addition to the criminal justice system) • Everyone responsible for crime prevention at some level • Crime prevention can be delivered through a broad range of institutions • i.e. lock downs in schools, zero tolerance policies • Women’s organizations, daycare facilities, employment organizations all involved in crime prevention along with others • Public safety no longer the exclusive domain of criminal justice system • Not only looking at the state to provide security • Range of institutions involved in security • Cops, courts and failed to address causes of crime Crime Prevention:Central Tenet • Public safety is not the exclusive domain of the criminal justice system. • It involves the proactive participation of individual citizens, communities local agencies, etc., in partnership with the police and other government agencies. • Crime rates have been declining for the most part in Canada, UK and US in last 30 years • (not applicable for homicide) • Punishment has been increasing and concerns about crime prevention have been increasing • **people who are most likely to commit crime are between age 18
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