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Lecture

Lecture #2


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC316H5
Professor
Paula Maurutto

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September 16 2011
Lecture #2 - From Penal Welfare to Crime Control
Characterization of shift from "penal welfarism" to "crime control"
risk society (Ulrick Beck & Richard Ericson)
Actuarial Justice (Malcolm Feeley & Johnathon Simon)
Post Keynesian state (Pat O'Mallet)
Culture of Control (David Garland)
New criminology of everyday life
Main Characteristics of Penal Welfarism (from 1900's to 1960's or mid-
1970's)
Characterized by correctionalism and an emphasis on treatment and
rehabilitation
-on offenders, kept out of hands by politics, for lawyers, psychologists etc.
-development of parole, probation. in determent sentences, rehabilitation
a reaction against corporal punishment
-severely punish the offender and remove from community (pre-penal
welfarism)
focused on discipline and reforming offenders in order to reintegrate them
into society
-criminal justice focus on rehabilitating criminals back into society
aka correctionalism
Main characteristics of Crime Control (late-1970's)
rooted in economic crisis (post welfare state)
declining social welfare programs - encompasses crime control
Thatcher (England), Mulroney (Canada), Reegan (US)
risk assessment part of these strategies
critic of these programs - ineffective
shift in governments - what can they do about crime control -> about society
now, not like previous about goverment working on crime
increased use of prison
-prison used more than before, 1970's - used prison to rehab, now - used to
incarcerate and segregate (punishment)
-in canada, increase of SuperMax prisons
rise of victim's rights
-before 60's-70's - victim was forgotten player, not even thought about, now -
image/interest victim drive criminal justice (impact statements in court, sex-
offender registries)
infrastructure of prevention
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