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Lecture 6

SOC316H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Peer Pressure, Cumulate Rock, Concentrated Poverty

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Paula Maurutto

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Lecture 6: Crime Prevention through Social Development
March 1, 2013/ March 8, 2013
Crime Prevention Through Social Development (CPSD)
Focuses on underlying factors that foster criminal and deviant behaviour; put people at risk of crime in
the first place
Research shows that most people who engage in criminal behaviour come from disadvantaged
childhood backgrounds; not applicable in many cases such as white-collar crime, drug use etc.
Underlying premise is that certain social interventions ideally in the early years, you can eliminate
chances of recidivism; focus largely on children and parents
Focus on preventing criminal predispositions
Focus on people, not places
Proactive: preventing crime before it happens; stop predispositions toward crime (less risky)
Long term: targeted long term programs aimed at minimizing risk factors; improving quality of life of
those at risk
Guided by social & economic factors: aims to reduce the social and economic problems which can
increase the risk of criminal behaviour; idea that crime is linked to social environment that surrounds
the child as they are growing up
o Opposed to ideas in criminology that claim criminal behaviour is caused internally within the
individual (psychological approaches)
CPSD Programmes
Targeted: aimed at those most at risk; most at risk for engaging in crime
o Risk factors associated with crime
Coordinated: operates in close collaboration with other initiatives in order to address multiple
problems; those at risk of crime usually affected by combination of multiple factors (bring agencies to
work together to deal with the problems)
Accessible: Program resources and activities must be easy to find, easy to use and meet the needs of
Risk factors are NOT causes of criminal behaviour
Risk factors doesn’t necessarily lead to engagement in criminal behaviour
Too simplistic
i.e. poverty causes crime- poverty doesn’t cause crime because that would mean jails should be filled
with single-parent mothers
o combined with lack of food, poor education, lack of support, poor parenting; combination of
these factors can predispose one to probability of crime
Risk Factors
what predisposes youth/adults to risky behaviour ; trying to identify kids at risk and trying to intervene
early (shown to have the greatest impact)
o hard to see immediate effects because they are long term
o money being pulled back from programming (decline in % of money sent to programming and
increase in % of money spent on prison); however, social programming is much cheaper and
more effective than imprisonment
o recidivism rate higher than people who were sent to prison as opposed to those who went
through social programming (little programming in prison with only limited number of spaces);
prison experience itself is very detrimental
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