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Lecture 6

Lecture 6.docx

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Paula Maurutto

Lecture 6: Crime Prevention through Social Development March 1, 2013/ March 8, 2013 Crime Prevention Through Social Development (CPSD)  Focuses on underlying factors that foster criminal and deviant behaviour; put people at risk of crime in the first place  Research shows that most people who engage in criminal behaviour come from disadvantaged childhood backgrounds; not applicable in many cases such as white-collar crime, drug use etc.  Underlying premise is that certain social interventions ideally in the early years, you can eliminate chances of recidivism; focus largely on children and parents  Focus on preventing criminal predispositions  Focus on people, not places  Proactive: preventing crime before it happens; stop predispositions toward crime (less risky)  Long term: targeted long term programs aimed at minimizing risk factors; improving quality of life of those at risk  Guided by social & economic factors: aims to reduce the social and economic problems which can increase the risk of criminal behaviour; idea that crime is linked to social environment that surrounds the child as they are growing up o Opposed to ideas in criminology that claim criminal behaviour is caused internally within the individual (psychological approaches) CPSD Programmes  Targeted: aimed at those most at risk; most at risk for engaging in crime o Risk factors associated with crime  Coordinated: operates in close collaboration with other initiatives in order to address multiple problems; those at risk of crime usually affected by combination of multiple factors (bring agencies to work together to deal with the problems)  Accessible: Program resources and activities must be easy to find, easy to use and meet the needs of users. Risk factors are NOT causes of criminal behaviour  Risk factors doesn’t necessarily lead to engagement in criminal behaviour  Too simplistic  i.e. poverty causes crime- poverty doesn’t cause crime because that would mean jails should be filled with single-parent mothers o combined with lack of food, poor education, lack of support, poor parenting; combination of these factors can predispose one to probability of crime Risk Factors  what predisposes youth/adults to risky behaviour ; trying to identify kids at risk and trying to intervene early (shown to have the greatest impact) o hard to see immediate effects because they are long term o money being pulled back from programming (decline in % of money sent to programming and increase in % of money spent on prison); however, social programming is much cheaper and more effective than imprisonment o recidivism rate higher than people who were sent to prison as opposed to those who went through social programming (little programming in prison with only limited number of spaces); prison experience itself is very detrimental  Individual – mental, psychological, and physiological factors. o Can affect criminal behaviour but only in association with other factors o i.e. learning disabilities, fetal alcohol syndrome, ADHD (likely to have learning difficulties at school) o studies show that many convicted offenders have higher probability of learning disadvantages o class plays huge role in these factors  Social environment – risk factors produced by the social environment that surrounds an individual or a group. Individual Influences  mental, intellectual, physiological, per
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