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Lecture 8

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Paula Maurutto

Lecture 8- March 15, 2013 COMMUNITY POLICING  Seen as the opposite of zero tolerance policing  **Relate to concept of community and problems with concept of policing Traditional Police Model • 1950s-1960s: community policing notion (helping in the street, domestic assault, often worked closely with social workers) very different than what it was now • Begin to emerge in early 1980s, seen as alternative way of dealing with policing • Different philosophy and different practices • Police in 1970s criticized for increasing militaristic practices, race riots, use of excessive force (police become concerned about their public image- had to change way of conducting policing) • Community policing now forms the basis of policing; police departments restructured to incorporate community policing at different levels • Premises of community policing correspond with neo-liberalism (about partnerships, preventive crime, police being proactive) • Study conducted in 1974 examining impact of technology on policing in Ontario • Widening gap between community and police • Reduced contact (i.e. patrolling in cruisers as opposed to foot patrol) • Ontario police embracing military practices; organization of policing and management of police services based on centralized top-down structure (police officers just responded to what they were told to do) • Police officers are the professionals who have sole responsibility for crime control • Officers respond to calls that involve criminal incidents- i.e. responding to 911 call (reactive as opposed to proactive); their job was primarily to deal with a crime after it occurred • The role of officers is to control crime and enforce the law- police no longer in touch with public • Police services are centralized- centralized bureaucracy at the top (top-down model) • Decision making occurs through a hierarchical command and control structure • Moved from one neighbourhood to another under command Community Policing Definition  Community policing is a philosophy, management style, and organizational strategy centered on police- community partnerships and problem solving to address problems of crime and social disorder in communities  Management style and organizational strategy- changing management style of police structures  Partnerships part of neo-liberal discourse  No longer about crime but also about social disorder (different from 1970s when no one was concerned with disorder) Central Features Premised on 3 P’s • Prevention- preventing/stopping crime before it occurs (proactive, not reactive) • Police now responsible for thinking how to solve problems of crime • Have to be involved in solutions as well • Analyzing causes and scope of the problem and developing plan to address and solve problem so there is less crime overall – need to collect and exchange information in broader way than in the past • Problem-solving- identify what problems are facing a community and how to solve those • Routinely scanning and analyzing problems • Devising strategies to address problems and implementing solutions • Monitor and evaluate solutions implemented • Partnership with the community- community is the focal point of community policing • Everyone responsible in crime prevention, not just police O.P.P. Community Policing Support Section • Community Policing... Service to Communities First • One way to engage with public is for divisions to have neighbourhood storefronts- greater exchange of information between public and police • Can report crime, talk to police officers in local store as opposed to going to a division Vancouver Police Department Chinese Community Police Centre  Storefront in Chinatown with police officers who are culturally trained to deal with needs of public GOALS (standard goals of most policing centers) • To strengthen the communication and co-operation between the Chinese community and the police. • To enhance the accessibility of police services to the Chinese community. • To increase sense of safety awareness in the Chinatown area • To educate the Chinese community on judicial related matters McMaster University Community Police  Campus police officers adopt to community policing model Community liaison officers work closely with the schools in their district.  Police officers in schools (part of community policing)  Most high schools in Peel and Toron
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