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Lecture 8

SOC316H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Police Accountability, Community Policing, Campus Police


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC316H5
Professor
Paula Maurutto
Lecture
8

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Lecture 8- March 15, 2013
COMMUNITY POLICING
Seen as the opposite of zero tolerance policing
**Relate to concept of community and problems with concept of policing
Traditional Police Model
1950s-1960s: community policing notion (helping in the street, domestic assault, often worked closely
with social workers) very different than what it was now
Begin to emerge in early 1980s, seen as alternative way of dealing with policing
Different philosophy and different practices
Police in 1970s criticized for increasing militaristic practices, race riots, use of excessive force
(police become concerned about their public image- had to change way of conducting policing)
Community policing now forms the basis of policing; police departments restructured to
incorporate community policing at different levels
Premises of community policing correspond with neo-liberalism (about partnerships, preventive
crime, police being proactive)
Study conducted in 1974 examining impact of technology on policing in Ontario
Widening gap between community and police
Reduced contact (i.e. patrolling in cruisers as opposed to foot patrol)
Ontario police embracing military practices; organization of policing and management of police
services based on centralized top-down structure (police officers just responded to what they
were told to do)
Police officers are the professionals who have sole responsibility for crime control
Officers respond to calls that involve criminal incidents- i.e. responding to 911 call (reactive as opposed
to proactive); their job was primarily to deal with a crime after it occurred
The role of officers is to control crime and enforce the law- police no longer in touch with public
Police services are centralized- centralized bureaucracy at the top (top-down model)
Decision making occurs through a hierarchical command and control structure
Moved from one neighbourhood to another under command
Community Policing Definition
Community policing is a philosophy, management style, and organizational strategy centered on police-
community partnerships and problem solving to address problems of crime and social disorder in
communities
Management style and organizational strategy- changing management style of police structures
Partnerships part of neo-liberal discourse
No longer about crime but also about social disorder (different from 1970s when no one was concerned
with disorder)
Central Features
Premised on 3 P’s
Prevention- preventing/stopping crime before it occurs (proactive, not reactive)
Police now responsible for thinking how to solve problems of crime
Have to be involved in solutions as well
Analyzing causes and scope of the problem and developing plan to address and solve problem
so there is less crime overall need to collect and exchange information in broader way than in
the past
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