SOC316H5 Lecture Notes - Gated Community, Community Policing, Crime Prevention

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Published on 11 Feb 2014
School
Department
Course
Professor
Soc 316 Nov 8 th
Essay
Introduction; say what you are going to do in paper, identify the two concepts you are
relating it to
Describe program; objectives, etc.
Strengths and limits
Apply 2 concepts to that program; surveillance, community, risk, community policing (first
half course)
Can use headings
Programs: anger-management, anti-bullying (how they relate to crime prevention
programs, how they address crime-prevention initiation, and how effective they are)
Weakness: funding problems, only addresses on complex factor,
Citation is key
Never see “I think” (not your opinion) but article claims this…
Use websites to provide information on program, but use broader articles to analyze it
Community Policing
Associated penal welfare
Emerged in 1950-1960, but has changed over time
Initially was cast in a welfare model (relationship between police and social agencies
was characterized by welfare model)
Social worker would deal with the victim, and the police would deal with the offender
This form still continues to function today, in a top-down model (police officer roaming
the streets and doing their jobs)
1980-change as rise of getting tough approached to policing (and takes increasingly top-
down approach)
oOff foot police and in cars (so become invisible)
oRise in distrust in police, racial tension
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Document Summary

Community policing: associated penal welfare, emerged in 1950-1960, but has changed over time. Crime prevention models: crime prevention through social development, situation crime prevention, crime prevention through law enforcement. Community policing definition: develops the idea of partnership between policing and community, new management style as decentralizes (questions top-down structure) and personalize it (gives more flexibility) Limited information gathering: police service are centralized (top-down model takes away for the creativity of the police at front lies, focus on tactical patrols (not focusing or policing the same neighbourhood, fewer resources in preventative activities. Central features: proactive and not reactive, equipped to analyze the cause of problems, develop a plan so that there is less overall crime, to do this, it requires a collaborative approach (problem-solving focus) Documentary: about of rise of private policing. 31/2 to 1 ration: due to shrinking confidence of cash-strapped public police (protecting gated community, prisons, even displacing in public places, airports)

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