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SOC316H5 (68)

316Lecture1.docx - Crime Prevention

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Zachary Levinsky

Issues in Crime Prevention Crime Prevention – Definition Crime Prevention is: ‘the anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and the initiation of action to remove or reduce it.’ - In the 1970s, there was a shift away from the courts and the justice system - risk could be reduced by reducing opportunity and becoming a responsible individual - the state plays a leading role, and it could design a good society and rehabilitate criminals - But what happens when this does not work? Need to reduce opportunities - Policing emerged as a strategy to ‘solve’ crime, but now we see that nothing really works - Another misguided view is that criminals will stay criminals and they will not change - Central tenant of crime prevention [CP] o Public safety cannot remain in the exclusive domain of the CJS o Cops, courts, corrections cannot cope with crime  Don’t address opportunities or root causes  There is a need to look at root causes, such as structural inequality  So, how would rehabilitation work? - Proactive participation: everyone must participate - Promotes partnerships as a result Who is responsible for crime prevention? - Everyone – it includes all citizens. All citizens are encouraged to take responsibility in making c
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