SOC316H5 Lecture Notes - Governmentality, Rhizome, Anger Management

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Published on 10 Apr 2014
School
Department
Course
Risk
Responsibilization
- Related to prudentalism (responsible subject)
- Similarly creditization
- Unloading of responsibility from the State  rowing and steering: the State steers and
you row
oPension – RRSPs: your responsibility to save for you future
- Rights discourse
o“you have the right to a safe workplace” connected to “you are responsible for
ensuring a safe workplace”
oShift in blame
oIf an accident happens, it is your responsibility because you should ensure the
company does something
oThe birth of the Charter  shift to neo-liberalism
oThere are no accidents!
oThe state is no longer to be all and end all. The state is solving its sovereignty
responsibility
- Empowerment: space created to empower us, but we cannot be idle
oYou have to actualize it on that potential
oExample: a school’s responsibility to create a safe place
- Increasing supervision and ensuring safety of children to prevent injuries: watch your
child closely when they are at the park or when you are responsible for someone else’s
child
oKids are unpredictable, but injuries aren’t
oThere are lots of pamphlets and information sessions that the state makes
available, but to enforce and ensure them is left up to you
New Criminologies of Everyday Life
- Rational choice theory, routine activities theory, situational crime prevention
- Crime is a normal social fact
- Theoretical frameworks understand crime as normal and rational – it’s going to happen
- Not about pathology or abnormality
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oIt’s about criminals acting on opportunity as well
- Crime is a risk – offender and victim
oDid the victim take the necessary steps to minimize risks?
oThe victim could have done things to prevent their victimization (walking late at
night by themselves)
- Target potential victims, vulnerable situations and everyday routines
oMany institutions are involved now in crime prevention and not about individual
offenders anymore but about the victim – expansion of whose responsibility it is
Risk and Society
- Risk is the key way we understand and explain/frame things, and it is tied to the idea of
probability
- “Can we know the risks we face, now or in the future? No, we cannot: but yes, we must
act as if we do” (Douglas and Wildavsky, 1983, Risk and Culture , 1)
oprimitive cultures held beliefs that behavior was controlled by and explained by
the spiritual realm risk is a way of bringing element of control to situation by
guiding our actions, just as Gods guided the primitive’s actions
owe don’t know the risk we face, but we need to act like we do
- Risk a way to bring control and actionable knowledge
oRisk guides our behavior, actions and decisions
oThe way we have institutions, insurance companies are pervasive, our behavior
- Risk as a ‘governmentality’
oThe way we think about our own behavior & deal with our own conduct
oForm of governance
oCollection of data
oTransporting to new world, needed risks and which ships were likely to disappear
and when
SOVEREIGNTY DISCIPLINE RISK GOVERNANCE
Torture; focus is on inflicting
pain on the body; police
powers of the state
Schedule; focus is reforming
the soul
(rehabilitation/corrections);
clinical & other professionals
Actuarial management; focus
is minimizing risk and
maximizing security;
responsibilization
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What are the Characteristics of Risk Based Governance?
1. Risk technologies are predictive: The likelihood or unlikelihood of something happening
so that you could accurately calculate the probability and act on it
2. Make ‘accidents’/incidents preventable:
a. Kid safety tips
b. pamphlets you get on crime prevention
c. tips for things you can do minimize and prevent accidents/incidents
3. Allow us to colonize the future: Idea of colonizing the future, allows you to govern the
future if you think about things in terms of risk and probabilities – thinking about
empowerment: effects of cancer, effects of wine on cancer, is it good or bad, etc.
a. Risks are fluid and they change; they are not static.
b. Experts can produce a lot of research, but you have to decide which research
you want to listen to, validate, and act on.
4. Promote self-government and population management:
a. If you know what the risks are despite competing claims; see this often on the
news.
b. Information is just laid out for you, but you have to decide how you will act –
financial risks, health risks: what should you be eating, what are antioxidants,
should you be eating them
c. Collecting a wide range of information on the population on how they act and
react – way of targeting the population
d. Example: Suicide – how likely are people to commit suicide? Where are people
likely to kill themselves? Varies among place and space
e. When you measure something from the population, you have a way of managing
the population although the results vary by culture and society
5. Relies on knowledge and statistical calculations for crime:
a. Who is likely to commit a crime? What are the background factors? What are
their friends like? What is their family situation? Employment: do they have a job?
b. Can calculate who is likely to commit a crime – risk assessments
What does risk mean?
Sounds like something negative, a bad thing
Beck – risk society
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Document Summary

Rowing and steering: the state steers and you row: pension rrsps: your responsibility to save for you future. Empowerment: space created to empower us, but we cannot be idle: you have to actualize it on that potential, example: a school"s responsibility to create a safe place. Rational choice theory, routine activities theory, situational crime prevention. Theoretical frameworks understand crime as normal and rational it"s going to happen. Not about pathology or abnormality: it"s about criminals acting on opportunity as well. Crime is a risk offender and victim: did the victim take the necessary steps to minimize risks, the victim could have done things to prevent their victimization (walking late at night by themselves) Target potential victims, vulnerable situations and everyday routines: many institutions are involved now in crime prevention and not about individual offenders anymore but about the victim expansion of whose responsibility it is.

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