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SOC316H5 (68)
Lecture

316Lecture10.docx - Crime Control Measures

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC316H5
Professor
Zachary Levinsky
Semester
Winter

Description
Crime Control Measures - What has happened in the wake of 9/11? - In terms of the US and Canada, saw harmonization of immigration policies o Even little things, like need passports to travel across borders now - Increased military expenditures o Does this mean more weapons? More personnel? - FINTRAC o Financial transaction reports analysis center o b/c strange transactions have happened before terrorist attacks o red flagging these - Armed marshals - Tougher airport security - Bio tech screening: o Privacy rights? Religious rights? o Many things become activated when you book a flight o If you don’t like this type of security for the airline or the over-policing in a city then do not use it or move o If you didn’t do anything, you have nothing to worry about - More scrutiny of security personnel o Background checks o More extensive collection of employees’’ background - Video monitors in cockpit o Need more surveillance cameras o Always sort of response we have when incidents occur - Authority to shoot down civilian planes is now given to generals in case president cannot be contacted o Post 9/11 b/c before understood hijackers would want something in exchange o But in 9/11 they didn’t want anything in exchange - Patriot Act; a lot of this hinged on Preventative detention; Anti-terrorism bill Patriot Act (USA) & Anti-Terrorism Bill (Canada) - Sovereign state and problem of national security - We still have some responsibility - Still being activated in certain ways - Noticing if someone leaves bag unattended - But still look for state to solve problems b/c it has resources - Unprecedented surveillance measures and police powers - Need to give up rights to gain prevention - Police could arrest a suspect without warrant - Need to give government and police powers in exchange for our safety and own good - Detain them for up to 3 days without laying a charge - More time to gather information about them and from them maybe - The suspicion of potential terrorist act is enough - Had not engaged in anything illegal, but suspicion was enough - Suspicion became defining characteristic of the bill - People who interact with suspected persons also become suspected, leading to a network of suspicion - Sweeping powers to listen to Canadian telephone conversations - What is a valid security purposes? o What does Valverde suggest in the readings? o Does she want you to take up her view of security as an expert? Why? Why not? o Why do we think of security and rights as a trade off o Why does she think of herself as a security expert and not want to be considered as one o It is the locals who need to deal with these types of questions - Suspicion became the legislative standard - Does this violate the basic tenants of Canadian Law? o Better to let 100 guilty people go free… o Reasonable probable ground? o It’s really murky what it means with being suspected of terrorism o Racial profiling is a problem – certain people will be more targeted - Should we be arresting people on fear they may commit an offence? o Goes back to preventative detention that happened during G20 o Wanted to prevent riots although still happened - Ethnic groups ARE targeted o Particularly Asians o Blacks, typically young males driving nice cars, were pulled over - Innocent people being branded as national threats - A US Gallup poll post 9/11: o 585% backed intensive security checks for Arabs (even if US citizens) o 49% favoured special identification cards for those of Arab Descent o 32%  ‘special surveillance’ upon them o We’re okay with it b/c it won’t be us - Little changed in 2005 o Saw similar numbers 4 years later o 53% intensive security checks including US citizens before boarding o 46%  those of Arab descent should carry special ID cards - There was a sunset clause o Many of the preventative arrest and detention measures lapsed o Vote in parliament was 159-124 [Feb. 27, 2007] – very narrow vote - Question of being problematic and going far? Not for conservatives b/c white middle class would not be targeted by this How does Stein change the metaphor for ‘war’? - Imply different tactics need to be done in a ‘network war’ - Terrorist networks typicall
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