Class Notes (835,374)
Canada (509,147)
Sociology (4,077)
SOC316H5 (68)

316Lecture10.docx - Crime Control Measures

7 Pages
Unlock Document

Zachary Levinsky

Crime Control Measures - What has happened in the wake of 9/11? - In terms of the US and Canada, saw harmonization of immigration policies o Even little things, like need passports to travel across borders now - Increased military expenditures o Does this mean more weapons? More personnel? - FINTRAC o Financial transaction reports analysis center o b/c strange transactions have happened before terrorist attacks o red flagging these - Armed marshals - Tougher airport security - Bio tech screening: o Privacy rights? Religious rights? o Many things become activated when you book a flight o If you don’t like this type of security for the airline or the over-policing in a city then do not use it or move o If you didn’t do anything, you have nothing to worry about - More scrutiny of security personnel o Background checks o More extensive collection of employees’’ background - Video monitors in cockpit o Need more surveillance cameras o Always sort of response we have when incidents occur - Authority to shoot down civilian planes is now given to generals in case president cannot be contacted o Post 9/11 b/c before understood hijackers would want something in exchange o But in 9/11 they didn’t want anything in exchange - Patriot Act; a lot of this hinged on Preventative detention; Anti-terrorism bill Patriot Act (USA) & Anti-Terrorism Bill (Canada) - Sovereign state and problem of national security - We still have some responsibility - Still being activated in certain ways - Noticing if someone leaves bag unattended - But still look for state to solve problems b/c it has resources - Unprecedented surveillance measures and police powers - Need to give up rights to gain prevention - Police could arrest a suspect without warrant - Need to give government and police powers in exchange for our safety and own good - Detain them for up to 3 days without laying a charge - More time to gather information about them and from them maybe - The suspicion of potential terrorist act is enough - Had not engaged in anything illegal, but suspicion was enough - Suspicion became defining characteristic of the bill - People who interact with suspected persons also become suspected, leading to a network of suspicion - Sweeping powers to listen to Canadian telephone conversations - What is a valid security purposes? o What does Valverde suggest in the readings? o Does she want you to take up her view of security as an expert? Why? Why not? o Why do we think of security and rights as a trade off o Why does she think of herself as a security expert and not want to be considered as one o It is the locals who need to deal with these types of questions - Suspicion became the legislative standard - Does this violate the basic tenants of Canadian Law? o Better to let 100 guilty people go free… o Reasonable probable ground? o It’s really murky what it means with being suspected of terrorism o Racial profiling is a problem – certain people will be more targeted - Should we be arresting people on fear they may commit an offence? o Goes back to preventative detention that happened during G20 o Wanted to prevent riots although still happened - Ethnic groups ARE targeted o Particularly Asians o Blacks, typically young males driving nice cars, were pulled over - Innocent people being branded as national threats - A US Gallup poll post 9/11: o 585% backed intensive security checks for Arabs (even if US citizens) o 49% favoured special identification cards for those of Arab Descent o 32%  ‘special surveillance’ upon them o We’re okay with it b/c it won’t be us - Little changed in 2005 o Saw similar numbers 4 years later o 53% intensive security checks including US citizens before boarding o 46%  those of Arab descent should carry special ID cards - There was a sunset clause o Many of the preventative arrest and detention measures lapsed o Vote in parliament was 159-124 [Feb. 27, 2007] – very narrow vote - Question of being problematic and going far? Not for conservatives b/c white middle class would not be targeted by this How does Stein change the metaphor for ‘war’? - Imply different tactics need to be done in a ‘network war’ - Terrorist networks typicall
More Less

Related notes for SOC316H5

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.