Class Notes (1,200,000)
CA (650,000)
UTM (30,000)
SOC (5,000)


Course Code

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Gated communities
Test 2 weeks office hours Monday/Wednesday before test
Border of public and private in constant flux since 1980s gated communities become
popular across the globe
Emegering in areas where there is not significant crime rates but its also to seal off
neighbourhoods in cities (only way to live in a city)
Early gated communities were restricted to super rich/or retired ppl but since 1980s
largest growth has been for middle and upper middle class
Brazil sao Paulo has most concentrated rate of gated communities which relates to
their crime rate
Divided into three types
1.Luxury or elite communities to distinguish prestige or place among social
ladder, for rich upper class to differentiate yourself from population
2.Retirement or lifestyle communities golf and leisure
3.Security zones for middle class literature refers to this type, both urban and
suburban settings
-In urban settings barricades and gates
-Suburban is fastest growing closed streets, gated complex with barricades
for streets
Security in gated community feel security measures in place that enhance it access
control only certain ppl allowed in or out
-justification for living in community feel safer perceived to address their fear of
crime *CCTV, guards gates etc
But evidence shows it doesnt offer much protection like pety theft crimes by teenagers
who are just as likely to live in these communities (living within) and domestic violence
Presumption that the offender lives outside but often offenders live inside community
too depending on the crime you are looking at
Critques of gated communities issues related to safety (see above)
-Demands for preferential treatment
See themselves as being taxed twice (normal tax and homeowners association fees)
you pay for extra security communities are revolting on rebates on property taxes
quite prominent running for politics in order to get taxes reduced. Reducing taxes what
about those other ppl? Creates differential lvl of treatment

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

-Increase homogeneity and social exclusion
Excludes minority groups majorly white upper class countries have concern of large
middle class living in these communities dont have houses only have
schools/recreation/parks etc creating social exclusion for those that are less fortunate
left with less desirable space and security. Nature of gated communities can change
-Transformation of democratic space
Decline of meaningful public space open secure well developed urban areas ppl
shud be able to experience urban environment and mix with different groups but
gated communities limits that and decreases it.
Refers to open, secure and well developed public urban spaces for all urban residents
where ppl shud be able to mix with various groups and experience benefits of urban
ppl dont make use of public spaces (shared public spaces but now no longer uses,
nota democratic space) what used to be public space left to homeless and poor, they
become more risky places
more tax dollars attributed to those living in gated communities and less tax dollars
allocated to those living outside
spatial democratic democracy - spatial democracy distribution of facilities and
services to all urban areas
community policing
crime prevention models
social development- communities
situational crime prevention gated communities, archtiechal design
law enforcement broken windows, policing and private security, community
community policing traced to 2nd lecture penal welfarism
need nov 5 and oct 29 notes
1950s to 60s community policing begins to emerge in welfare model specific
relationship between police and social welfare oriented policing
Police officers oppose this undermining their authority structure seen as social workers
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version