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Lecture 6

SOC316H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Group Cohesiveness, Peer Pressure, Truancy

Course Code
Paula Maurutto

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Crime Prevention Through Social Development (CPSD)
Proactive: preventing crime before it happens.
Long term: targeted long term programs aimed at minimizing risk factors
Guided by social & economic factors: aims to reduce the social and economic
problems which can increase the risk of criminal behaviour.
CPSD Programmes
Targeted: aimed at those most at risk.
Co-ordinated: operates in close collaboration with other initiatives in order to address
multiple problems. Idea that there is not coordinated approach with services --Social
services started relocating or creating satellites to priority neighbourhoods
are you going to health services and other services if they are far away? People are not
accessing services because they are inaccessible – eg getting to downtown to from jane
and finch – transportation is an issue most ppl don’t have time nor energy to get service
– no easily accessible or coordinated
eg services are far removed and not coordinated one eg addictions counselling may not
know of a service that is happening elsewhere- eg food is somewhere, addictions is
somewhere else
in to they sent all knew funding to social services – to priority neighbourhoods –
relocating to priority neighbourhoods
Cities are trying to identify where high risk communities are and trying target services to
those communities – more crime prevention through social development model
The Hubb model have all services in one location – it became so popular in T.o – was
direct response to shootings that happened in 2005 – thy year of the gun – started in
2006- city of to partnered with United Way also there was recession and cut backs to
welfare – result of higher gun crime in the city – developed in priority neighbourhoods
Accessible: Program resources and activities must be easy to find, easy to use and
meet the needs of users.
Importance of having coordinated accessible programs that are targeted towards
individuals in need!!!!
Risk factors are NOT causes of criminal behaviour

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Someone who has these factors Not necessarily going to engage in criminal factors but will
increase the likelihood that someone is going to engage – especially a combination BUT risk
factors make it easier for some individuals to engage in crime
Poverty does not cause crime – if so will be filled with single parent women rather than men-
If you are poor and live in in disadvantaged area , poor skills, disability school cant help under
resourced no social programs for it, could cause low self-esteem , and anger management (no
programs for that) and probs at home substance abuse, neglect – not be treated problem-
combo and cluster of disadvantaged factors that increases someones risk
Disadvantaged children won’t necessarily engage in crime
Many offenders have learning disabilities, school dropouts bad at school, used drugs at an early
age – higher percentage of offenders that have these factors
Argument of crime prevention for social development – if we can reduce these factors reduce
the onset of crime – matter of putting social programs into society
Can have 2 equally poor neightbour similar SES – one had highly developed social supports
and the other didn’t – level of harm was significantly different –
Having social supports in neighborhood will reduce crime –not having will increase crime
There is an ever growing list of risk factors
Risk Factors
trying to produce the risk factors that allegedly causes someone to engage in crime –
typically youth who defined to be 15 -25 most likely to commit then out phase
Individual – mental, psychological, and physiological factors. Mental illness etc learning
disabilities other physiological disabilities results in you not being able to participate in
social activities which causes you to feel excluded – the more support you have for
individual factors
Social environment – risk factors produced by the social environment that surrounds
an individual or a group. Argued that Chronic Delinquency and delinquent behaviour is a
product of the criminal environment
The environment that one grows up in has a significant effect – other factors are
mediated by the social environment – individual factors that one may have are increased
by family instability, poor housing conditions inadequate schooling , poor academic
performance , truancy dropping out of school displays of aggressive behaviour at an
early age substance abuse
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