SOC316H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Metanarrative, Governmentality, Welfarism

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Published on 26 Feb 2015
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Department
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Wednesday, January 22, 2014 – Lecture 2
Outline
1. Foucault: Questions of Method
2. Power
a) Sovereignty
b) Disciplinary
c) Pastoral
d) Governmentality
3. Penal Welfarism
4. Decline of Penal Welfarism
5. Crime Control
Damien (Sovereign Subject)
-March 1, 1757
-Condemned at the Church in Paris
-Flesh to be torn away from the body
-Body thrown in fire and ashes remained
-Punishment inscribed on the body = overkill, not necessary, probably dead
half way through this
Foucault and Questions of Method
-Routes of Lambrosso
-The ‘how’ questions = not saying whether something is good or bad, but
more how did we come to view the prison as a necessary form of
punishment, how did something come to be
-Questioning things we take for granted
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-We assume prison is the way we think of punishment, as if there’s no other
way
-Problematization – how do certain things get talked about as problems or
that we take for granted as a problem
-Ex. school shootings – how do we view it as a problem, how has that
changed
-De-centering the Subject - Don’t focus on one person as the cause of change
-History of the Present = history of systems of thought – how have they
changed?
-Conditions of possibility = getting away from idea that anything is
necessary, not deterministic like that, why can we say/do certain things?
Why are laws in a particular way?
De-centre the subject
-Garland p.158 “that is not to say the media has produced our interest
in crime, or that it has produced the popular punitiveness that appears
as such a strong political current today…my point is rather that the
mass media has tapped into, then dramatized and reinforced a new
public experience – an experience with profound psychological
resonance”
-Can’t blame the media
-Media is important to see how things have changed
-Ex. shift in relationships, NOT just criminal justice, why libraries
won’t let you take out books
-It’s the bottom up approach – a lot of things that have
influenced/impacted these shifts of thought
History of the Present
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-attention to the little shifts in our ways of thinking
-The small and contingent struggles, tensions and negotiations.
-Changes are not necessarily immediate, but overtime
-Can learn more from everyday texts and practices
-What usually captivates  the grand thinkers (Einstein, Lambrosso) –
all these conditions of possibility present
-HoP and DeC-Subject  history of systems of thought
-“Often in our history, events, however major their ramifications, occur
at the level of molecular, the minor, the little and the mundane”
Adapted from Rose 1999
-Avoid naming names and a grand narrative
-Shift is never ‘neat’
Modalities of Power
-Contrast from Marx
-Marx = proletarian are repressed, ruling class have the power and
make the lower classes do things to get what they want = someone has
something at the expense of someone else – negative
-Freud = power is about repression, the way you are today is because
you have repressed certain things when you were younger
-Negative views on power
-Foucault = idea of power is more productive than that
-Ex. brushing your teeth
-Power is not operating ON you, but THROUGH you
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Document Summary

Outline: foucault: questions of method, power, sovereignty, disciplinary, pastoral, governmentality, penal welfarism, decline of penal welfarism, crime control. Flesh to be torn away from the body. Body thrown in fire and ashes remained. Punishment inscribed on the body = overkill, not necessary, probably dead half way through this. The how" questions = not saying whether something is good or bad, but more how did we come to view the prison as a necessary form of punishment, how did something come to be. We assume prison is the way we think of punishment, as if there"s no other way. Problematization how do certain things get talked about as problems or that we take for granted as a problem. Ex. school shootings how do we view it as a problem, how has that changed. De-centering the subject - don"t focus on one person as the cause of change. Media is important to see how things have changed.

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