SOC316H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Prenatal Diagnosis, Gmail, Air Miles

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Published on 26 Feb 2015
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Outline – SOC316
Big Brother (Orwell)
Panopticon (Foucault)
Surveillant Assemblage (Delueze & Guattari)
TedTalk Questions
Characteristics of Surveillance
Monitoring Computers
- Problem of security – never focus on what you did but your LIKELIHOOD of doing something
- Tying to prevent something from happening/future harm
- Ex. tying down computers in the library so no one will steal them
- Suspicious by not being suspicious
- Being observed, watched and the collection of data (ex. ROSI records)
- When you come to UTM, you expect to be surveillance (ROSI = dataveillance), agree to be
surveilled
- Not just about the act of watching but the process of recording data
Big Brother (Orwell)
- Government = Big Brother watching you
- Opposite of Utopia
- 1984
- World divided into 3 parts/nations and are constantly at war with each other
- One has a totalitarian party who crushes any opponent through Big Brother on screens (state of
constant surveillance by the state)
- Upper and middle classes to be watched, lower classes are left to their own devices (separated
and don’t really matter)
- Winston Smith = trying to remain his individuality as a person and think for himself, caves to Big
Brother because of his lost of dignity (afraid of the rats)
- Thought police = agents of the state
- In some ways, what Orwell predicted was reality
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Big Brother Metaphor
-Surveillance  conformity(make sure you’re doing what you’re supposed to be doing or else Big
Brother will show up on screen)
-Privacy Key
Loss of dignity (invasion of your own space)
-Centralized bureaucracy (Big Brother has all the power and can appear in your homes, state that
has the capabilities to do this)
- Big Brother metaphor limited, maybe we have many little Big Brothers?
Bentham’s Panopticon
- Idea that you could be watched at any time (don’t know if you are)
- Someone at center
- Usually in the prison system
- Surveillance inhibits theory of power
- More than just observation, it’s production of knowledge (ex. through watching criminals you can
develop theories on criminology)
- In prison, we are trying to transform the prisoner
- Constant surveillance is supposed to activate self-control so that you don’t require Big Brother
- Designed to get you to self-control/self-regulate
- Power isn’t as coercive in the Big Brother metaphor
- Can be productive since we are producing self-regulating citizens
- Metaphor extends to the rest of society = carceral society (ex. school, military)
- Normalizing = compare yourself to normal standards and how you relate to other people
- Not just the upper and middle class, but EVERYONE is caught within this surveillance
- We’re subject to constant evaluation and examination = begin to examine and regulate yourself so
that you fall in line with the norms (ex. in class)
- Lower classes need to regulate themselves in order for capitalism to occur (can’t monitor
themselves, need them to think getting an education, a job and working hard is good = when you
start to think/do this you are falling in line)
Surveillance in the Panopticon:
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Document Summary

Surveillant assemblage (delueze & guattari: tedtalk questions, characteristics of surveillance. Problem of security never focus on what you did but your likelihood of doing something. Ex. tying down computers in the library so no one will steal them. Being observed, watched and the collection of data (ex. When you come to utm, you expect to be surveillance (rosi = dataveillance), agree to be surveilled. Not just about the act of watching but the process of recording data. World divided into 3 parts/nations and are constantly at war with each other. One has a totalitarian party who crushes any opponent through big brother on screens (state of constant surveillance by the state) Upper and middle classes to be watched, lower classes are left to their own devices (separated and don"t really matter) Winston smith = trying to remain his individuality as a person and think for himself, caves to big. Brother because of his lost of dignity (afraid of the rats)

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