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Lecture 3

SOC323H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Potlatch, False Consciousness, Antonio Gramsci

Course Code
Zachary Levinsky

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January 21, 2015
designed like mini essay so you can engage with reading
Why should I care? Should answer this
Spectacular Justice
what the law actually means
layers of “ the other”
Pierre Bourdieu on expectations
The Jury as representative of the community
Marginality – what does it mean to be Canadian?
Loo’s typology on Law’s Power
Law as coercion
Law as symbol (ideology)
Law as rhetoric
Through the law, through understanding the law, the idea that Europeans are superior to
salvage races. The law was one way to elevate them, was a way of understanding the
How do we study history? Why certain dates used? Why does the author pick certain
dates? Should have some understanding of why. Easy for someone to say homicide
tripled within 1992 and 1993 but there are times when we know that the homicide rate
fluctuates rapidly. If mapped out over 20-year period, will see relatively stable. This idea
of periodization. In historical context may seem nebulous. Be suspicious immediately
when you see dates especially in context of Loo’s law
The Other
Loo’s Arguments (in Bute inlet)
- Crime helps reveal social identity
- How does the characteristics attributed to the other refract contrasting characteristics
of the self?
What does the ‘self look like in Canada (historically and now?)
What does the ‘other’ look like in Canada
- Terrorists
- what is defined as terrorism? Simply someone going out of the way and doing mass

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killing? How is terrorism identified
- Charlie Hebdo attack – why is it terrorist?
- What gets defined as free speech? (hint: not the Burqa)
- This is all important to understanding the other and sustaining those divisions
- Jamaican Criminal (1990s)  different context of crime when the Jamaican’s seen as
the other, not telling us anything about the Jamaican culture at all but about the ‘self’.
Loo gives us a framework to understanding them
- Missing/dead people – who gets the coverage? Think of rare even strange
kidnapping, which victims get more coverage?
- Any personal experiences (or witnessing) of being “other”?
Spectacular Justice
Trying to understand what community identity means at a particular moment/time
Says not here to talk about the false certainty legal verdict – does not care if the judge
got it right or wrong
Not there to tell us about the truth
How the trail unfolds, what does that tell us about community identity? How does that
shape it?
Multiple examples of the other:
- Black offender and black victim – in one sense, both constructed as expendable, but
other things at play, suggest lots to be said about broader identity  looking for
broader patterns
- National identity - used as an exception, look what British society has done,
recognized as race-less society
- The Circus – metaphor for trail for something that may seem common – circus
emblematic of chaos – it seems to upend the status quo but it is carefully controlled
…seems like you can change it
- Urban industrialization – Picton was this picture less place, world places where
people work hard – does Murray move beyond the exceptional case? Nothing seems
static, very influx, these are not fixed stable identities, are in constant negotiations
- Shorty acquitted – only appeared that status quo being questioned but the idea that
did nothing to remedy justice
- Loyalist parkway – idea of being loyal to British
Role of the exceptions to the rule
What does they mean by this?
Pier Bourdieu
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