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Lecture 2

SOC323H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Bell Hooks, Protestant Work Ethic, Atavism

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Zachary Levinsky

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What is History?
History a problematic discourse
About the past, written by present workers:
- Histories of the 70s very different from history written now, was written from
Marxist perspective
Their work – because it’s a discourse, it could be used in multiple ways, what
Marxist written in 70s about particular idea can be used in future histories written
by future historians, becomes part of repertoire of what history is
- but, correspond to power bases at particular moment, was about being like a
science, not always sociology about trying to be like a science
- distributes histories along dominant/marginal spectrum, history shifts and
certain things become dominant, discipline and ideas within that discipline shift
- i.e. Marxist histories of the 70s reacting to previous histories
- adopted from Jenkins in 1991
In Lu’s article talking about Europeans and how they understand themselves
Orientalism as a Tool of Colonialism
Said saying have to do it ideologically through rule of law, Lu draws on British
justice as ideology
The idea of objectivity, that the historian themselves know that they are not
Lu concludes that it was made to fit the needs
Idea of power coming from knowledge, writing things down, able to distance
Lu talks about writing hierarchy to classify and create typology
Lu Reading
Main argument: idea that about Europeans how does crime reveal social identity.
Crime reveals it, tells us something about social identity. How do the
characteristics that we put in that box tell us something about ourselves, in this
particular case British Europeans? Using tale to tell us essentialism about Native
American. Newspaper articles, journals, diaries etc. tell us how the Europeans
understand the Chipolata’s
Trying to get at colonial identity
Not making assumption about what native identity is, not rallying on that side
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