lecture 6

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6 Jan 2011
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Working in Free Trade Zones of the North and South
Gender and Globalization
-Export led development policies are responsible for a large increase in FEMALE
LED employment
-Ability to pay women less
-Builds on stereotypes believe that women are a disposable labour force segment
-Women make up over 80% of Export Processing Zones in Mecixo, Taiwan, Sri Lanka,
Philippines etc
-Tend to employ men for labour intensive work manual work, heavy lifting, etc
-Women tend to be present in the SERVICE SECTOR & GARMENT PRODUCING
CENTRE
-Subject to MANDATORY OVERTIME, UNHEALHY CONDITIONS, FREQUENT
WORK SPEED UPS
-Effects on Men and Women
Men: able to land better jobs (ie. call centres)
MIGRATION OF WORKERS OVERSEAS
-For first time in history, capitalism dominates processes on a global scale
Gender and Work in Capitalist Economies (Pamela Odih, 2007)
-Economic time = time in a 24 hour economy
- Modern capitalist accumulation is built on a 24 HOUR ECONOMY of just in time
deliversies, compressed down time, round-the-clock retailing, real time customer-
facing and instant communication
-DEGREDATION, DESKILLING OF WORK
Subcontracting:
-
-LOW VALUE ADDED ACTIVITIES Labour, grunt work, sewing, shoe
manufacturing
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Have been located in the UNSKILLED LABOUR MARKETS Third World
-HIGH VALUE ADDED ACTIVITIES computer software design, animation,
marketing
Have been undertaken in labour markets closer to the final destination
(consumer market) First World
-CHANGE IN HIGH VALUE EMPLOYMENT starting to relocate high value
added activities into third world areas (ie. Friedman shows animation work in India)
-GLOBALIZATION NEW INTERNATIONAL DIVISION OF LABOUR div of
nations into diff roles
Export Processing Zones
-AGGREGATE/COLLECTION/ASSEMBLE OF FREE TRADE ZONES AND
INDUSTRIAL PARKS
-ESTBALISHED TO ADVANCE EXPORT-ORIENTED INDUSTRIES
-WOMEN = prime targets for Third Party recruiters
Subject to super exploitation factories do not abide by most minimum
standards
Shows dependency of corporations on the exploitation of women
- “The Exploitation and over-exploitation of womens labour in this informal sector
enable people in rich countries to:
Buy inexpensive garments and other products
Allow corporations to profit and thrive
No Logo: Taking Aim at the brand Bullies (Naomi Klein)
-Focuses on WORKING CONDITIONS IN THE FREE TRADE ZONES
-Deconstructs the global economic structures
-Since the 1980s, MNCS have been distancing themselves from the production of
goods and focusing rather on the development and promotions and management of
the brand name
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