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Lecture 3

SOC345H5 Lecture 3: Lecture 3

by Maya
8 Pages

Course Code
Angela Mashford- Pringle

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Lecture 3: Brief History Sept, 19, 2016 Important policies and legislation BNA act (July, 1,1867) Treaties there were 70 treaties and 11 numbered treaties Indian act (1876) and amendments o Defines who is considered a first nations persons World War 1 and 2 Right to vote National Indian Brotherhood o The assembly of first nations (AFN) Why are treaties not how they were supposed to be? There was a language barrier that prevented understanding of the intent behind the Europeans Also there was a difference in understanding what land ownership is, Aboriginals thought the Europeans wanted to share the land but the Europeans were actually trading the land for trinkets Treaty number 9 35 of Aboriginal men enlist for WW1 If you list in the war you are no longer a first nation The aboriginals wanted to help the country but ended up being destitute after since they could no longer return to their reserves The 1911 census shows Aboriginal population at their lowest recorded point in history (106,000) Indian Act and Amendments Created eligibility criteria Denied traditional ways of belonging Changed governance structures Forcing things to happen, a way to assimilate By taking people out of the reserves they could change the ideals and beliefs Death and Experiments About 60,000 children did not make it out of the schools, and were placed in a mass grave next to the school and werent consecrated properly (there were no marked graves ) Did experiments on them, starved them to see what nutrients they needed Other experiments included forced sterilization (legally in Alberta but was used across the country)
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