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Lecture 10

Full Lecture 10 Notes

18 pages78 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC346H5
Professor
Reza Barmaki
Lecture
10

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Correctional System
Corrections: What is it?
A. Corrections as a subsystem of the criminal justice system
Correctional institutions
Courts
The police
Jails
The public
B. Corrections as a philosophy for responding to criminal offenders
-Should we have death penalty?
-Should we put children in jail?
C. Corrections as a range of programs and services delivered in community settings
-Probation
-Conditional sentence
-Conditional release
Corrections: Who is involved?
All people involved in:
Sanctioning
Supervising
Providing services to convicted offenders
(A)Carceral
oPeople that are inside institutions:
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Offenders
Sentencing judges
Superintendents
Wardens
Correctional officers
Program staff & treatment professionals
Volunteers
Offenders family
(B)Non-carceral
oPeople outside correctional institutions:
Sentencing judges
Probation officers
Probationers
Staff (of nonprofit organizations
Etc.
The Legislative Framework of Corrections
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1982)
odefines rights and freedoms
Constitution Act (1867)
oResponsibilities of federal and provincial governments and their jurisdictions
Federal government: enacting criminal laws and establishing procedures to be
followed in criminal cases
Provincial government: establish necessary structures for the administration of
justice
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Criminal Code:
oA federal statute
oDefines criminal offences, procedures for their prosecution, and penalties
Corrections and Conditional Release Act (1992)
oFor federal system of correctional facilities
International conventions
oInternational laws
Evolution of Corrections in Canada
Reflects Interaction of Various Factors
oCultural, political, economic, religious…
Have influenced:
oSeverity of punishment
oExplanations of criminal behaviour
oStructural arrangements
oNumber of offenders
Who goes to Federal Prisons?
The Correctional Service of Canada (CSC)
Is the federal government agency
Sentences of a term of two year or more
Administration of Justice Offences (highest offence in Canada)
Obstruction of a peace officer
Assaulting a peace officer
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