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SOC349H5 (64)
Lecture

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC349H5
Professor
Michelle Szabo
Semester
Winter

Description
Industrial Agriculture and Global Food Trade, is it sustainable? Industrial Farming & Canadian Farm Crisis Farms are getting subsides by the government, and the owners have another job for income, they don’t have money to support themselves. Green Revolution: Coined in 1960s when scientists developing new wheat varieties, 60s time of scientific boom, varieties of wheat, produced more with agricultural chemicals, pesticides and fertilizers, had to be used with new chemicals. Money was invested in agricultural chemical research, period after ww2, companies developing chemical pesticides were the same chemical weapons. When western scientists were developing this, they were exporting these ideas, Asia, Latin America etc. Corn, Wheat, Rice are not “green” – Manner Reading. People are excited because they can feed hungry people over the years due to the increase in production. Problematic idea, lots to due with power and amount of food. Consequences: Pesticide: Reliant about the pesticide, moving from traditional to loss of traditional knowledge. Consequences of disease to humans, greenhouse gases. Farmers in India to commit mass suicide (1,500) imposed from the west, to governments to incent their farmers to use these techniques. Expenses increased over the last 50 years: new types of seeds, machinery, high scientific types of techniques. Farmers Share of the Food Dollar: when you buy an apple, how much goes to the farmer? 15% go to farmers: going to distributors, agricultural companies, manufacturers buying the raw material from farmers, processors, retailers Free Trade & Economic Globalization WTO: world trade organization, regulate and manage free trade complaints. Kills farmers, really negative. WTO: Killed himself activist over the killing of farmers.  Free Trade: trade of goods without taxes (including tariffs) or other trade barriers (e.g., quotas on imports or subsidies for producers)  Trade in services without taxes or other trade barriers  The absence of "trade-distorting" policies (such as taxes, subsidies, regulations, or laws) that give some firms, households, or factors of production an advantage over others  Free acce
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