Class Notes (1,019,806)
CA (585,678)
UTM (26,872)
SOC (4,524)
Lecture 2

SOC355H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Forensic Pathology, Public Health, High Standard Manufacturing CompanyPremium

5 pages66 viewsWinter 2016

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC355H5
Professor
Ronit Dinovitzer
Lecture
2

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Lecture 2
Expertise
Its what defines a profession
Professions are knowledge based occupation
They are claiming a particular knowledge that regular people don’t have
access to
This knowledge that they have is formalized – need to share it with other
who want to become like you (replicate it)
Use abstract principles to solve real problems
Abstract Knowledge
It is what professionals fight over when they claim they are professionals
Some one wins out in the end
It’s the fighting over abstract knowledge that sets professionals different
from occupations
Need to have a knowledge system that is governed by abstractions
You see ex in medicine and law
You have obesity and alcoholism etc. med prof trying to take over
Actual task of a profession are human problems
They deal with concrete problems
We need to agree – they need to sell to us that they are professionals who can
solve our problems
They work hard to do it
Diagnose, infer and treat – characteristics of what a professional does
Knowledge and social closure
You have to fight other away from knowledge and state your claim over it –
do it by a process called social closure
It is the way in which professionals maintain their status and knowledge
State has to give profession the authority to regulate itself
They fought for it and the state gave them this power
Knowledge of a prof is one that is certified and credentialed
State level social closure over expertise – it gives them ability to own that
knowledge (medical knowledge = doctors)
Suicide and Medical examiners
How is it that suicides are under reported
We know that there’s potentially different reasons why suicide is
underreported
Need to understand expertise and authority for answer
Med examiners protect their authority conservatively
Death investigators have authority over suicide determinations
In Canada, it is coroners
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Subscribers Only

Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Subscribers Only
Coroners are doctors
They are not necessarily pathologists
Med exam are physicians and they are also pathologists
They are trained forensic pathologist – they determine the cause of death
They are doctors, not police
They have different expert knowledge
They are trained as doctors, not just in crime and law
They have different set of priorities
They have working knowledge of the crime scene
They don’t rely on expert witnesses – they are scientists at heart
Science is very important to them
Need to know that injury was self inflicted and intentional
They infer intent from different sources
They work inductively
There is no check list for suicide determination
It’s a decision they reach after mining all evidence – 51% rule = you need to
be over the threshold (more than positive) to determine suicide
Hard evidence is misleading (suicide notes)
They explain that they ultimate criteria is whether an examiner can be more
than positive – uncertainty = science wins
Professionalism helps explain things like suicide determination
They are also oriented towards law as well as science
Their allegiance is to science and law not policing
Expertise and Interpretation
The influence of relatives in this case is important
Cases where med exam even had evidence to call something a suicide due to
stigma and family pressure
Other influences also need to be taken into consideration = not just science
Epistemology
Public health officials have often thought that single vehicle accidents are
suicides
But not reported so
Pathologists argue not
We are not able to prove them as suicide scientifically
Their frame work is a particular medical legal stand work – they don’t care
about prevention
Their role is medical legal
Social Epi = public role
They have different priorities and different standards
EM act conservative because they have to protect their authority
Expertise of med prof is questioned by many
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Subscribers Only

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.