Class Notes (905,151)
CA (538,363)
UTM (24,814)
SOC (4,149)
SOC355H5 (25)
Lecture 2

SOC 355 Lecture 2: Lecture 2

5 Pages

Course Code
Ronit Dinovitzer

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Lecture 2 Expertise • Its what defines a profession • Professions are knowledge based occupation • They are claiming a particular knowledge that regular people don’t have access to • This knowledge that they have is formalized – need to share it with other who want to become like you (replicate it) • Use abstract principles to solve real problems Abstract Knowledge • It is what professionals fight over when they claim they are professionals • Some one wins out in the end • It’s the fighting over abstract knowledge that sets professionals different from occupations • Need to have a knowledge system that is governed by abstractions • You see ex in medicine and law • You have obesity and alcoholism etc. med prof trying to take over • Actual task of a profession are human problems • They deal with concrete problems • We need to agree – they need to sell to us that they are professionals who can solve our problems • They work hard to do it • Diagnose, infer and treat – characteristics of what a professional does Knowledge and social closure • You have to fight other away from knowledge and state your claim over it – do it by a process called social closure • It is the way in which professionals maintain their status and knowledge • State has to give profession the authority to regulate itself • They fought for it and the state gave them this power • Knowledge of a prof is one that is certified and credentialed • State level social closure over expertise – it gives them ability to own that knowledge (medical knowledge = doctors) Suicide and Medical examiners • How is it that suicides are under reported • We know that there’s potentially different reasons why suicide is underreported • Need to understand expertise and authority for answer • Med examiners protect their authority conservatively • Death investigators have authority over suicide determinations • In Canada, it is coroners • Coroners are doctors • They are not necessarily pathologists • Med exam are physicians and they are also pathologists • They are trained forensic pathologist – they determine the cause of death • They are doctors, not police • They have different expert knowledge • They are trained as doctors, not just in crime and law • They have different set of priorities • They have working knowledge of the crime scene • They don’t rely on expert witnesses – they are scientists at heart • Science is very important to them • Need to know that injury was self inflicted and intentional • They infer intent from different sources • They work inductively • There is no check list for suicide determination • It’s a decision they reach after mining all evidence – 51% rule = you need to be over the threshold (more than positive) to determine suicide • Hard evidence is misleading (suicide notes) • They explain that they ultimate criteria is whether an examiner can be more than positive – uncertainty = science wins • Professionalism helps explain things like suicide determination • They are also oriented towards law as well as science • Their allegiance is to science and law not policing Expertise and Interpretation • The influence of relatives in this case is important • Cases where med exam even had evidence to call something a suicide due to stigma and family pressure • Other influences also need to be taken into consideration = not just science Epistemology • Public health officials have often thought that single vehicle accidents are suicides • But not reported so • Pathologists argue not • We are not able to prove them as suicide scientifically • Their frame work is a particular medical legal stand work – they don’t care about prevention • Their role is medical legal • Social Epi = public role • They have different priorities and different standards • EM act conservative because they have to protect their authority • Expertise of med prof is questioned by many • At the
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.