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Lecture

week2 lecture notes

14 pages168 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC361H5
Professor
John Kervin

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SOC 361 ORGS & IRSession #2
ORGANIZATION CULTURE
Culture
Social Culture
Components of Culture
Org Culture
History
Jargon
Bureaucratic
Official vs. Real Org Culture
Issues
Hofstedes Dimensions of Culture
Sources of Org Culture
Consequences of Org Culture
Org Culture and Mergers
Culture and Structure
Savanna Baboons!
TEST: 20MC, 3 Short answers 40 mins
Prepare: text for background/basic info, lectures for additional topics, shed light on,
expand, give diff perspective
Readings:T&H ch. 3
Supplementary Reading:
Trice and Beyer. 1993. The Cultures of Work Organizations.
Good material if youre interested in this topic
Very useful if you choose the research paper option
Schick article (Globe & Mail) posted on web site
QOW: effects of technology does it put ppl that design tech in a higher
position/power/status bc of their skill? eg. engineers
Yes they are in higher status when tech first came out
after sales and marketing bcm more important
1980-90s with globalization ppl in finances eg. Chief financial officer have the
power currently
Climate change now happening may result in shift in power in future to food &
survival
CULTURE
1
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Look at org structure for whats going on and wrong
Why cant org always adopt the best structure? What keeps org in inefficient
structure?
Culture: high culture eg. ballet, pop culture eg. movies, magazines, culture as
sociological term is defined as social culture
SOCIAL CULTURE
Every social entity has a social culture and structure
Social entity: A grouping of individuals eg. grouping of regions,
1.There is some social interaction among members of the entity
2.Members have some awareness of belonging to the entity
Has boundaries know if youre in or out
Membership in religion sometimes boundaries are blurred
Ppl with blue eyes dont think they belong to a group of ppl with blue eyes = not
social entity
Classroom is bc have boundaries, know u belong
2
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Components of Social Culture
1.Beliefs: ideas about how the world operates
Has cause and effect
Belief is used to support values and norms
Eg. A degree from UTM will get u a better job than a degree from York
2. Values: indicate what is important, or “right”, or “should be
Social entities have values
eg. qualified women should be able to hold any job that men could
eg. value university education
3. Norms: rules for behaviour
Eg.Sit in back of class if want to surf the internet with laptop
Eg. UTM class start time is 10 mins after the hour despite not written rules about
it
Eg. first time invited to sleepover at someone elses place see dinner table is
norm to get together
In org new members have to be taught about norms/expected behaviours
This is called socialization
4. Symbols: observable objects and practices that illustrate the beliefs, values,
and norms
Also called “cultural forms” can be ritual behavs, symbolized
objects have emotional meanings
eg. handshake
drives behave effects attitude and determines social structure
ORG CULTURE
3
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