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Lina Samuel

SOC362- Lecture 2 January 17, 2014 Labour Force Survey, 2010 monthly survey involving 50,000 canadian households changes in labour market across the country unemployment rate at 7.2% fewer people working in educational services employment gains mostly in private sector across the board, the fastest growing employment projections in Alberta- steady, upward swing of employment Ontario- mainly manufacturing economy; trajectory was downwards closing of many manufacturing companies Work activities that produce good or service for one's own use or in exchange for pay or support forced work: performed under compulsion/ coercion and provides; no or very little pay market work: paid work- labour exchanged by defined wage rate non-market work: unpaid work - performing for themselves or others(i.e. household work) references to intersectionality as a factor that affecs work labour market: arena where employres seek to purchase labour from employees who are seeking jobs exchanging skills/knowledge in return for pay/status/career/promotion space in which all of this unfold Karl Marx witnessed industrial revolution dialectic/class of opposing forces historical progression shift from feudal mode of production to capitalis mode of production mode of production in any society changes through time; we are always positioned in relation to mode of production through the making of commodities, we are all related to one another workers produce commodities but the workers produce themselves as commodities (we become commodified) through our labour, value is produced (surplus labour converted to profit in the market); thus, our labour is not valued (especially in advanced capitalism), but as workers we are placed in competition with one another buying and selling of labour takes place within a particular set of social relationships one that is highly gendered and racialized patriarchy- women's positioning secondary to men making it difficult to achieve equality Meg Luxton- equality for women implies that both the system of capitalism and ideology of patriarchy must be challenged Sex classification based on human biology- dependent on person's chromosomes absence or presence of certain body parts Theorizing Gender gender is a social construction and thus can be de-constructed gender differentiation: social process that create or exaggerate biological differences (Reskin) social construction of gender (Padavic and Reskin) Gender embedded in our everyday interaction (West and Zimmerman) individuals "do" gender legitimizes divisions that exist in society Goffman- gender are socially scripted dramatizations of cultural idealitation of what it means to be masculine or feminine sociolization that leads men and women to behave differently i.e. women taught from childhood to expect less entitlement leading them to get lower pay and the opposite is true for men women just happy to have a job so readily accept the lower pay; helps
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