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Lecture 4

SOC371 Lecture February 3

Course Code
Philip Goodman

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SOC371 – February 3 Rehabilitation, Treatment,
and Management of Offenders, Can Punishment
- The term test first week back after the reading week (February 24th)
5 mini-essays (you pick 4 of them)
- Regular office hours today, circa 3:30-4:45pm
- Test tips:
Big picture, make sure to expand and elaborate
Details, use examples and theory
- Most information are from lectures while the readings serve as supplementary to further
improve your analysis in regards to answering the questions
- Building on previous weeks, we’ll focus on rehabilitation and the state’s implementation
regarding rehabilitation
Rehabilitation: A Historical Thumbnail Sketch
- Through 19th century, focus on reform mostly about supposed restorative powers of hard
manual labour and isolation; heavy emphasis on religion and corporal punishment
- During the 18 hundreds in early penitentiaries, the claims made by elite politicians is that they
would reform those
- Turn in early twentieth century toward psychology, situational theories of criminality
Knowing the offender (Foucault)
- With the punitive turn, many observers describe an attendant decline in rehabilitative form
- These penitentiaries served to teach morals, and back then religion played an important role
within society, so therefore it was to also teach them about religion and religious aspects
Trying to understand the prisoners mentality and then attempted to correct them
Socio-medical model
So, Does Rehabilitation Work?
- Martinson (1974)
- Depends on the definition of ‘rehabilitation’ and how to define ‘success’
- Empirical studies suggest some programs have at least modest effects (structured and focused,
multiple treatment components, developing skills, behavioural methods, meaningful contact,
implemented with integrity)
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