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SOC371H5 Lecture Notes - Cultural Capital, Racialization

Course Code
Philip Goodman

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Sept 10th
Tips on Writing a Good Summary
- complete a first read, marking ideas as you go
- ask yourself:
owhat is the context of the piece
owho is the audience
owhat is the author trying to say
ohow do he/she go about demonstrating it
odoes he/she do a good job
- re-read the article
- write a summary that captures the essence of the author’s argument (main points) and
puts it into context and/or evaluates the argument
Wacquant (2001) – Main Points
- to truly understand the over-representation and racialization, need to:
otake a longer historical view
orecognize the extra-penological role of the penal system as an instrument for the
management of dispossessed and dishonoured groups
- race making in the U.S. a result of four peculiar institutions: slavery, Jim Crow, ghetto,
and the hyperghetto-prison (or carceral-assistential complex)
oeach has defined, confined, and controlled blacks
oall four have 2 purposes: labour extraction and social ostracization
-ghetto came over course of the 20th century to look more like a prison
omiddle class blacks depart – result is racial segregation and abject poverty
ono longer needed as source of cheap, easy labour (decline of industrialization)
orise of the formal welfare state with new focus on control
ono longer working as buffer (ex. prisonization of public housing)
- how prison came to look more like a ghetto
ofrom the big house to race-divided, violent warehouse prisons
racial division
importing of the code of the street
segregation, warehousing (purging the undesirables)
extension of stigma of penal conviction
same people cycle in and of prisons and inner city cores
- prison is thus remaking race and shaping society
oproduces and re-produces inequality over time, with new institutions, but same
practises of labour extraction and removal/segregation
oresult is a particularity rigid notion of race and virulent structural racism
oto be black is to be criminal; to be criminal is to be black
oprisoners today; lack cultural capital, excluded from social welfare, and barred
from being an active citizen
From Summarizing Other’s Arguments to Developing Your own
- first decide what you are going to say
osynthesize readings
obut go beyond them: critique, comment, analyze, contextualize, etc
oexamples of arguments
- make your argument clear in the first paragraph or two of the essay
- develop your argument using readings
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