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SOC 371 Sept 10.doc

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Philip Goodman

SOC371 Sept 10 th Tips on Writing a Good Summary - complete a first read, marking ideas as you go - ask yourself: o what is the context of the piece o who is the audience o what is the author trying to say o how do he/she go about demonstrating it o does he/she do a good job - re-read the article - write a summary that captures the essence of the author’s argument (main points) and puts it into context and/or evaluates the argument Wacquant (2001) – Main Points - to truly understand the over-representation and racialization, need to: o take a longer historical view o recognize the extra-penological role of the penal system as an instrument for the management of dispossessed and dishonoured groups - race making in the U.S. a result of four peculiar institutions: slavery, Jim Crow, ghetto, and the hyperghetto-prison (or carceral-assistential complex) o each has defined, confined, and controlled blacks o all four have 2 purposes: labour extraction and social ostracization - ghetto came over course of the 20 century to look more like a prison o middle class blacks depart – result is racial segregation and abject poverty o no longer needed as source of cheap, easy labour (decline of industrialization) o rise of the formal welfare state with new focus on control o no longer working as buffer (ex. prisonization of public housing) - how prison came to look more like a ghetto o from the big house to race-divided, violent warehouse prisons  racial division  importing of the code of the street  segregation, warehousing (purging the undesirables)  extension of stigma of penal conviction  same people cycle in and of prisons and inner city cores - prison is thus remaking race and shaping society o produces and re-produces inequality over time, with new institutions, but same practises of labour extraction and removal/segrega
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