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Lecture

SOC371 Oct 15.doc


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC371H5
Professor
Philip Goodman

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SOC371
Oct 15th
Rehabilitation: A Historical Thumbnail Sketch
-through 19th century, focus on reform mostly about supposed restorative powers of hard
manual labour and isolation; heavy emphasis on religion and corporal punishment
oearlier penitentiaries had near or complete isolation
otalk to God – reflect on what they had done and to become better people
oup for debate if we really have come far from that
-turn in early 20th century toward psychology, situational theories of criminality
oknowing the offender (Foucault)
- with punitive turn, many observers describe an attendant decline in rehabilitative
paradigm
Does Rehabilitation Work?
- Martinson
- depends on how you define rehabilitation, and how you define success
onot looking at the process – what happens in the treatment program that makes
them more likely to change? Is it self reflection/change or is it the treatment?
- empirical studies suggest some programs have at least modest effects (structured and
focused, multiple treatment components, developing skills, behavioural methods,
meaningful contact, implemented with integrity)
oothers probably neutral, or even counter productive (increasing sentencing
length, boot camps, targeting low-level offenders with more serious
punishments)
- many are cost effective
Comfort, The Best Seven Years I Could’a Done
- CDC Reorganization, Schwarzenegger’s promises
- rehab outside vs. inside the prisons
oprisons necessarily focused on power and control
oacting ‘as if’ could be meaningful programming
chronic marginalization
owould expect hostility, frustration – but instead:
renewing bonds
time out
self-improvement
oattempts to salvage, retrospectively re-imagine
oexpensive, would be better getting services earlier, in community (positive
because don’t see alternatives)
olittle in the way of hard skills, concrete preparation
olittle in the way of hard skills, concrete preparation
- part of what’s going in that this version of rehabilitation, which is up to you, is that when people
use this time is empowering –
- what do we make of Comfort scepticism toward her own respondents?
- in this pretending rehabilitation, or a new vision of what rehab is?
Canada’s Specialized Courts as Rehabilitation
- notion of assemblages
- what do these specialized
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