SOC380H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Occupational Segregation, Child Care, John Tory

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20 Jul 2016
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SOC380 Lecture Notes
Lecture 6 – Wednesday, July 20, 2016
Key Questions:
oWhat are micro-inequities and how are they connected to gender differences in
education?
oWhat are some of the key areas of research in gender differences in education?
oHow does socialization occur through both the hidden and overt curriculum at each
level of education?
oWhat are some possible solutions to current problems related to gender and education?
“I’ll say to people right now, young women, learn how to play golf…You will find it is immensely
advantageous to your career that you can go out, and you know if you play a good game of golf
as a women, I believe it is hugely helpful” John Tory (2014)
Intersectionality and analysis of gender and education
oKey findings:
Rarely is gender the sole factor in differences in participation, performance, or
outcomes of education in children or adults.
Race, class, language, immigration status, and sexuality combine with gender to
shape educational experiences and outcomes.
Formal/Overt curriculum refers to the content of school lessons. The content is usually explicitly
expressed
Key findings:
oGender differences are reinforced through overt curriculum
Examples of gender inequity in overt curriculum:
oElementary/primary level
Girls: dance/ballet/gymnastics
Boys: soccer/baseball/football
Health classes/sex classes separate for boys and girls (different types of lessons)
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Educational toys/technology
Girls: Barbies
Boys: cars
oMiddle/high school level
Girls: food and nutrition, cosmetology, parenting
Boys: weightlifting, auto, woodshop
Math/reading problems:
Johnny works at a construction site
oPolice officer, painter, janitor
Sally works as a teacher…
oNurse, maid, librarian
Textbooks
Terms like “tomboy”
oPost-secondary
(starts in kindergarten) focus on men’s history/progress, instead of women’s
Literature courses: literature course or women’s literary course
Hidden Curriculum:
oHidden curriculum: The unwritten, unofficial, and often unintended lessons, values, and
perspectives that students learn in school.
oKey findings:
Hidden curriculum shaped in classroom, extra-curricular, and social
environments
Reinforces existing social inequalities –( though alternatives may be possible)
Includes practices, procedures, rules, relationships, structures, discipline etc.
(dress codes for example)
Uniforms not too tight
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