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Lecture 10

SOC384H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: File Sharing, Copyright Term, Software


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC384H5
Professor
Shyon Baumann
Lecture
10

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Lecture 10
Intellectual Property
News story
86 year old woman who got a letter in the mail from a company (video game)
who had gotten in touch with her service provider in order to get in touch
with her
File sharing companies can monitor what file sharing is happening and the
OIP address of who is sharing
IP not liked to name 0 but its linked to service provider and track them on
sharing copy right material make them pay for material
She got letter in mail for illegally sharing/downloading of copyright material
Videogame zombie
She says she did not download this game
She comes off as credible but not the only time this has happened
demanding letters
Letters threatening big fines
Downloading of material is extremely common and downloading copyright
materials with out paying is also common
Problem that has had a lot of attention
People use it to share files
Some kind of management and regulations are needed but it is very difficult
to do
We hear about these protests in news but thousands of letters go out!
Clearly some people do download it without paying while others don’t
Everyone has done it at some point
Complexity around that issue
These stories highlight how this is a rising social problem that is hard to
address
Letters get sent before they can prove it
Technology’s role
Tech advancement key theme of course
This is becoming a problem because of tech advancement inter
communication tech also allow for file sharing that allows people to easily
break intellectual property ownership regulations
When we have these tech changes that change ways how we consume media
and buy and distribute them
Changes our understanding of property and copyrights
Changes who has power to get their way in fair resistance and how that
relates to our sense of what is fair
Tech changes create different situations
Downloading and streaming difference changes there is legal difference
What is theft
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How can creative industries continue to produce content remain creative and
remain profitable
How do we balance the best interest of society white the best interest of
creators
This problem of creative industry whose products we enjoy them needing to
find a way to keep existing
Need to see how society benefits from laws created and how do industries
benefit right balance need to find
2 Categories of IP
IP is intangible isn’t at its core physically existing
It is in the relm of ideas!
Within those ideas we have 2 cata
Industrial property practical ideas
What a company invents new machine can patent it
IP of it is the idea behind it
Only it can benefit/ profit form it
Invention of it belongs to the company
Copyright property creative and artistic
Same way in which industrial property is idea copyright is also idea
Copyright owned by song, owns idea behind song
Doesn’t own the physical copy
Only leasing the ability to listen to song you don’t own the song you only
own the ability to play the song
That is important because only the person who owns the copyright is
allowed to sell those CDs
They have the right to make copies and sell them
IP is essentially abstract at the level of ideas not physical forms it can take
In terms of distinction between
Trade marks are within industrial category symbols used to distinguish one
company form anothers slogans, product names, packaging (markers of
Identification)
For companies worth a lot of money trademarks are worth a lot too
because that’s how they identify themselves
There is familiarity and trust in big trademarks
Patent something you register with gvnt office that designates you as
owner of an invention
We have an office that registers patents responsible for whether something
deserves to be registered
Warrant registration only if it is worth it
Copyright make claim
As soon as you create something it is your copyrighted material right away
don’t have to register it
Turnitin using student’s copyrighted material
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You give it up for someone else to make a profit
So profs cant force you
Why do we have IP protection
Encourage and reward innovation and creativity
Gvnt agrees its good idea to have it
Society is deter off when there are people who spend time engaging in
innovation and creativity progress in society
People only do that if they know they will get financial benefit
People also see this as a fair rewards for creators
We need to have ip protection hat is separate form property when its
abstract the physical laws cant regulate the ways it can be distributed and
sold
IP can be easily sold/stolen copies (infinitely done without cost)
There is limitation to physical property
There needs to be different ways of monitoring that
Why does copyright not last forever?
When we regulate copyright only person who owns copyrights can
financially benefit from it
At same time that right is limited in length of time
Securing for Limited Times to authors and inventors
After limited time, the work enders public domain, owned by everyone after
some time
1790 14 years with one time renewal 28 years
Need to provide some certainty to inventor and artist that they will benefit as
incentive to do it
But these things are useful for everyone
This is especially true for aesthetic creations
New things borrow from earlier things in creativity
New things are built on earlier aesthetic creations
Society benefits when work enters public domain
Drugs takes $ to invent new drug companies need incentive to get money
back
People pay for medicine - new drugs cost a lot of make
To be able to sell it for cheaper other people make it too
So its cheaper for people
Everyone benefits after creator gets money back and then some
Plays cultural heritage enrich society
To make play more assessable its good for society become assessable to
anyone over time
US legislation
Laws changed as tech changed
Interventions by corp that own a lot of copyright
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