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Lecture

Lecture

6 pages140 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC384H5
Professor
N/ A

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Communication and Ethics: SOC284
Lecture Four: Jan.26.2011
1
THE PRODUCTION CODE: 1930
The motion pictures producers and distributors of America imposed it, in order to
avoid
governmental censorship, voluntarily formulates and adopts the production code.
General Principles of the production code:
1. No picture should be produced which may reduce ones moral standard.
Eg: Maternal sex, crime, deviance, ect.
The production had a conservative representative
If a person is a bad guy within the movie, they must be bad to the
core.
They cannot have a characteristic which will lead the audience to
sympathize
with them.
2. Correct standards of life, subject only to the requirements of drama and
entertainment shall be presented.
3. Law, natural or human shall not be ridiculed, nor shall sympathy be
created for
violation.
Natural Lawreligious principles
You cannot have sympathetic criminal within the video.
You cannot have someone who is forced into prostitute due to social
conditions.
4. Particular Applications of the production code
i. Revenge in modern times shall not be justified
ii. Excessive and lustful kissing, lustful embraces, suggestive postures
and
gestures are not to be shown.
iii. White slavery shall not be treated
The trafficking of women for sexual purposes
iv. Dances which emphasize indecent movements are to be regarded as
obscene
vii. Sex relationships between black and white races is forbidden
vi. Sex perversion or any inference to it is forbidden
Many producers had to go around this.
DIFFERENCES IN CENSORSHIP BETWEEN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES
Protection of free speech within the U.S is not constitutionally protected
(IMPT).
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Communication and Ethics: SOC284
Lecture Four: Jan.26.2011
2
This means that realistically, nothing is allowed to be censored
according
to the first amendment.
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom makes it subject to such
reasonable limits
prescribed by law as can be demonstrably justified in a free and democractic
society
Basically if there is something that needs to be censored in order to enable
freedom
of speech; then it will be censored
Whatever limits are imposed, must be illustrated to promote freedom and
democratic rights.
Example: Hate Free Speechlimits racial slurs.
The FCC has the power of prior restraint on broadcasting, CRTC does not.
The FCC stands for FEDERAL COMMUNICATION
COMMISSION (IMPT)
+ They regulate everything within broadcasting in the
united states
+ They censor contenttypically for obscenity
+ The FCC tells broadcasters that they cannot show
certain content
CRTC stands for Canadian Radio and Telecommunications
Commission
+ It is complaint driven.
+ Cannot restrain broadcasters from showing certain content
United States law defines obscenity by community standards; Canadian law
defines
obscenity by harm to individuals and society.
United states used a average citizen to censor content
Canadians base it on a individual basis
CENSORSHIP OF PORNOGRAPHY
OBSCENITY is NOT protected by freedom of speech.
There is not set criteria for obscenity (we dont know exactly what type of content
could be
classified as obscenity.
Corrupting the most corruptingIf your content can harm those who are the
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