WGS101H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Mary Wollstonecraft, Marxist Feminism, Bell Hooks

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Lecture 3
Wednesday, May 17, 2017
Feminist Ways of Knowing: Theory and Method
Why might Theory be important?
Address complex issues
Develop strategies for change - what do we do differently that might create different
issues to allow for social change
Ask questions
Analyze where we are and where we are going
What does theory have to do with me?
Bell Hooks talks about the oppression and practices that she became aware of within the
context of her own family and even in the larger community (racism and patriarchy)
Feminist Theories
Liberalism
-Guided by the principles of the Enlightenment period (reliance on nationality)
-Everybody should be free and everyone should have freedom of choice and there should
be equality among us (Many people were excluded from certain privileges and freedom)
-Women were viewed a property, they were controlled by men
-Women were viewed to be weak
Liberal Feminism (Dominant Feminist Theory)
-Argued that woman are capable of rational thought as much as men are
-Women should be included in all levels of society and have equal rights
-Women should be protected under the law
-They wanted equality with men
-Mary Wollstonecraft argued for women's rights and equality, she pointed to the fact that
it was women's social exclusion that made it hard for women to function but she said if
they are given an opportunity women would also rise in society (challenging and
debunking the thought that women are less than men)
Marxist Feminism
Built on Marx's principles
Really wanted to challenge and underline the capitalist society
Way of challenging the individualism that would be associated with liberalism
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Document Summary

What does theory have to do with me: bell hooks talks about the oppression and practices that she became aware of within the context of her own family and even in the larger community (racism and patriarchy) Guided by the principles of the enlightenment period (reliance on nationality) Everybody should be free and everyone should have freedom of choice and there should be equality among us (many people were excluded from certain privileges and freedom) Women were viewed a property, they were controlled by men. Argued that woman are capable of rational thought as much as men are. Women should be included in all levels of society and have equal rights. Radical feminism: focused on misogyny (the hatred of women and girls based on their gender, problem wasn"t just discrimination, but also male domination, a lot of radical feminists were very concerned about what it was about communities.

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