Women and Gender Studies 200 January 12, 2012

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Women and Gender Studies
Joan Simalchik

Women and Gender Studies 200 January 12, 2012 Motherhood after 40 • Toronto Star series “motherhood after 40” • 48% increase in births • 1/3 Canadian mothers over 35 (1st baby) • “white collar” jobs • Risks; social questions • Gender bias •want to be financially stable •health risks: woman’s eggs(shortage), diabetes, c section, baby is born un normal- ly Canadian Labour Law and Pregnancy • What is illegal in hiring • Woman’s right to privacy • Employment insurance (EI) • leave • USA only major nation that does not mandate parental leave Critiquing Motherhood • Simone de Beauvoir, The second Sex (1947) • Mothers cannot be autonomous Nancy Chodorow • The Reproduction of Mothering (1978) • Argued: babies’ first attachment is to the mother • Boy break bond by deprecating mother • Age 3-5: girls switch attachment Discussion Question • How does Chodrows theory of devaluation of motherhood reflect Englels’ theory of women’s servitude in the family through loss of mother right? Feminist Critiques of the Family • Engel’s critique • Betty Friendan, “the problem that has no name”: isolation; anger; loss; femininity • Social pressure to conform • Fantasy of perfection • Laura Kipnis: role of love in Family? • all these woman are at home they are staying at home, cleaning taking care of the house, they are missing something. an activity should be desired by woman. “the missing problem” Marriage and Equality Rights January 12, 2011 Lecture Outline • 4 Definitions of marriage • Feminist critiques of Marriage • The question of Polygamy • Marriage Equality: Same Sex Marriage Four Definitions of Marriage A) Moral B) Procreative; Divinely commanded C) Enslaving woman D) Human right E) Models of marriage F) Factors in Declining Rates Defining Marriage • Legal and/or religious union of two people • Heteronormative • White, middle/upper-middle class, Christian A) Definitions of Marriage • “marriage, as creating the most important relation in life, as having more to do with morals and civilization of a people than any other institution, has always been subject to the control of the legislature” (Maynard v. Hill 1888) • Married couples as moral unit B) Marriage Defined • “ the institution of marriage as a union of man and woman, uniquely involving the pro- creation and rearing of children within a family , is as old as the book of the Genesis” (Baker v. Nelson, 1971) • Marriage about making babies! • Commanded by God C. Marriage Defined • “ The institution of marriage make a parasite of woman, an absolute dependent. It in- capacitates her for life’s struggles, annihilates her social consciousness, paralyzes her imagination, and then imposes is graci
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