October 25: The Politics of Reproduction.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Women and Gender Studies
Karen Ruffle

Wgs week 7 lecture notes Reproductive rights and technologies Birth control defined:  Voluntary control of conception - Mechanical(tie tubes in females) or chemical(pills) - Hormonal, barrier(condoms), natural methods Birth control in historical perspective  1914: “birth control,” Margaret Sanger  Methods over history: there are many! Sex and obscenity (usa) = control of women’s bodies  Comstock laws (1873)  Illegal to send any “obscene, lewd, and/or lascivious” materials through mail  1820-1870, sex ed shows  Morality Sex and obscenity (Canada)  1892 criminal code, obscene - “Tending to corrupt morals”  Burden of proof – the person giving info and the women using it is in shit  Jail – for up to 2 years Birth control = population control  North America: industrialization and immigration  Urbanization – immigrants move to the cities instead... easier work  Bigger families = decline in material health  Timing – instead of having babies every year and half.... get them every 3/4/5 years i.d. Margaret sanger (1879-1966) - born in upstate NY - Large catholic family - Mother’s death brought her to be a nurse - Married William sanger – moved to NYC’s lower east side - 1912: “what every girl should know” in New York Call Margaret Sanger  Case of Sadie Sachs  October 1916: first bc clinic opened  1921: est. American Birth Control League (later Planned Parenthood) Birth control movement in Canada  1920’s, people questioning illegality of bc  Birth rate and socioeconomic status  Those in the know: “under-the counter” bc available; homemade versions  Advocates want bc available to all Parents’ information bureau (pib)  Vanvouver 1923, first bc advocacy group est. st  1932: Hamilton, ON 1 bc clinic est.  A.r. kaufman, 1930, bc program for poor women (kitchener, on)  Provides simple bc, referrals to doctors for diaphragms and sterilization Parents’ information bureau  1936, dorothea palmer  “for public good” = palmer acquitted 1937  25,000 clients per year  PIB most influential until 1960’s  1969 birth control legalized SERENA  1955, SERENA (service
More Less

Related notes for WGS200Y5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.